Person—sex, code X
Data Element Attributes
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Data Element|
Early Childhood, Standard 24/07/2018
Health, Superseded 15/02/2022
Homelessness, Standard 10/08/2018
Indigenous, Superseded 27/08/2023
Youth Justice, Superseded 23/08/2022
The distinction between male, female, and others who do not have biological characteristics typically associated with either the male or female sex, as represented by a code.
Sex is a core metadata item in a wide range of social, labour and demographic statistics.
|Data Element Concept:||Person—sex|
|Value Domain:||Sex code X|
Value domain attributes
|Maximum character length:||1|
|Supplementary values:||9||Not stated/inadequately described|
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Standard for Sex and Gender Variables includes the following Alternate Code system:
For statistical purposes, the following category codes, labels and definitions are preferred:
CODE 1 Male
Persons who have male or predominantly masculine biological characteristics, or male sex assigned at birth.
CODE 2 Female
Persons who have female or predominantly feminine biological characteristics, or female sex assigned at birth.
CODE 3 Other
Persons who have mixed or non-binary biological characteristics (if known), or a non-binary sex assigned at birth.
The value meaning of 'Other' has been assigned to Code 3 for this value domain, which replaces 'Intersex or indeterminate' for the superseded value domain Sex code N. Terms such as 'indeterminate', 'intersex', 'non-binary', and 'unspecified' are variously used to describe the 'Other' category of sex. The label 'Other' is used because a more descriptive term has not been widely agreed within the general community.
Sex refers to the chromosomal, gonadal and anatomical characteristics associated with biological sex. Where there is an inconsistency between anatomical and chromosomal characteristics, sex is based on anatomical characteristics.
The ABS will periodically review its Standard for Sex and Gender Variables. This process will specifically investigate the appropriateness of the naming of the 'Other' category.
Source and reference attributes
Australian Youth Justice Administrators (AYJA)
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2016. Standard for Sex and Gender Variables (Cat. no. 1200.0.55.012). Viewed 26 July 2016.
Attorney-General's Department 2015. Australian Government Guidelines on the Recognition of Sex and Gender. Viewed 26 July 2016.