Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.4.3–Major causes of death, 2020

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Indicator
Indicator type:Indicator
Short name:AHPF PI 3.4.3–Major causes of death, 2020
METeOR identifier:728476
Registration status:Health, Standard 13/10/2021
Description:

Age-standardised mortality rate by major cause of death, and for Indigenous people and Primary Health Network areas.

Indicator set:Australian Health Performance Framework, 2020 Health, Standard 13/10/2021

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:

Data is disaggregated by each International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) chapter for underlying cause of death:

  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
  • Neoplasms (cancer) (C00–D48)
  • Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (D50–D89)
  • Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00–E90)
  • Mental and behavioural disorders (F00–F99)
  • Nervous system diseases (G00–G99)
  • Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00–H59)
  • Diseases of the ear and mastoid process (H60–H95)
  • Circulatory diseases (I00–I99)
  • Respiratory diseases (J00–J99)
  • Digestive diseases (K00–K93)
  • Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00–L99)
  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00–M99)
  • Diseases of the genitourinary system (N00–N99)
  • Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00–O99)
  • Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00–P96)
  • Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00–Q99)
  • Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00–R99)
  • External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01–Y98)
  • All causes
Computation:

(Numerator ÷ Denominator) x 100,000

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population. Presented per 100,000 population.

Numerator:

Number of deaths

Numerator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10), ANN{.N}


Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Denominator:

Total Australian population

Denominator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based data plus administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—projected Indigenous population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]


Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based data plus administrative by-product data


Disaggregation:

2008 to 2018—Nationally, by underlying cause of death and sex.

2017, 2018—State and territory, by underlying cause of death and sex.

2017, 2018—Primary Health Network (PHN) by underlying cause of death and sex

2014–2018—Nationally, by Indigenous status, underlying cause of death and sex.

Some disaggregation may result in numbers too small for publication.

Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Northern Territory.

Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5-year combined data will be reported for Indigenous status disaggregations.

Disaggregation data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10), ANN{.N}


Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2016) N(9)
Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data

Used for disaggregation by state/territory and Primary Health Network


Data Element / Data SetPerson—sex, code X
Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Comments:

Most recent data available for 2020 Australian Health Performance Framework reporting:

  • 2018
  • Aggregated data 2014–2018 (Indigenous status)

Deaths registered in 2015 and earlier are based on the final version of cause of death data; deaths registered in 2016 are based on the revised version; and deaths registered in 2017 are based on the preliminary version. Revised and preliminary versions are subject to further revision by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

A number of updates to the ICD-10 were applied to the 2013 causes of death data. Details of the impact of these changes on the mortality data are described in ABS Implementation of the Iris Software: Understanding Coding and Process Improvements.

Prior to 2013, mortality data were coded using ICD-10 2006 version. 2013 data were coded using ICD-10 2013 version; 2014–2017 data were coded using ICD-10 2015 version; 2018 data were coded using ICD-10 2016 version.

Single year data will be reported for time series analysis.

Denominators used in the calculation of rates for the Indigenous population are ABS estimates (Series B, 2016 Census-based). Non-Indigenous estimates are only available for Census years; in the intervening years the population is calculated by subtracting the estimated Indigenous population from the total population Estimated Resident Population (ERP).

Indigenous and non-Indigenous analysis excludes records where Indigenous status was 'not stated'.

Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5-year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period. 

Data by remoteness and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Rate
Data type:Real
Unit of measure:Person
Format:

N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:4. Deaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:
Data SourceAIHW National Mortality Database
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Quarterly
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:

Australian Health Performance Framework

Organisation responsible for providing data:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.6–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2020 Health, Standard 01/12/2020

Supersedes Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.4.3–Major causes of death, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2022 Health, Standard 24/09/2021