Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Indicator type:||Progress measure|
|Short name:||PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2020|
|Registration status:||Health, Standard 13/03/2020|
Mortality rates for infants and children aged less than 5 years.
|Indicator set:||National Healthcare Agreement (2020) Health, Standard 13/03/2020|
|Outcome area:||Prevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010|
Collection and usage attributes
Infants (<1 year old): 1,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
Calculated separately for each of the two age groups, and for all Australians, Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates and aggregate rates by state/territory using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:
CI (CR) = CR ± 1.96 x (CR/√d)
Where d = number of deaths
CI = confidence interval
CR = crude rate
Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
Infant mortality rates: The rates for a single year use single year infant deaths for the numerator, and the number of single year live births for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator, and the number of single year live births in the midpoint year of the 5 years for the denominator.
Child mortality rates: The rates for a single year use single year data for the numerator, and the average of 3 years (with the reference year as the middle year) for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator and denominator.
|Numerator data elements:|
|Denominator data elements:|
2016–18—State and territory.
2014–18—State and territory, by Indigenous status.
2018—Nationally, children aged 0–4 (not reported).
2018—Nationally, by Indigenous status (not reported).
2017—Nationally, by remoteness (children aged 0–4 only) (Major Cities, Inner and Outer Regional combined, Remote and Very remote combined) (not reported).
Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and Northern Territory.
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Most recent data available for 2020 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting: 2018.
Because of small numbers of deaths each year data are presented in 3-year (total population) or 5-year (Indigenous population) groupings (state and territory only).
Single year data will be reported for time series analysis (national level only).
A system error affected the reporting of Western Australia Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 COAG Reform Council reports. These data have been revised for 2013 reporting.
Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.
Further details are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.20).
|Unit of measure:||Life event (e.g. birth, death)|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Deaths|
Data source attributes
National Healthcare Agreement
|Organisation responsible for providing data:|
Australian Bureau of Statistics
National Partnership Agreement on Closing the Gap in Indigenous Health Outcomes:
|Further data development / collection required:|
Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.
|Related metadata references:|
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.6–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.4.1–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB b–Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 01–Proportion of babies born of low birth weight, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06–Life expectancy, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020
Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2019 Health, Superseded 13/03/2020
Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2021 Health, Standardisation pending 25/05/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020