Remoteness classification (ASGS-RA) N
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Value Domain|
|Synonymous names:||Remoteness area; Remoteness structure|
Australian Statistical Geography Standard-Remoteness Area (ASGS-RA) is a geographical classification which defines locations in terms of remoteness, i.e. the physical distance of a location from the nearest Urban Centre.
Geographic remoteness is essentially a measure of a physical location's level of access to goods and services. Large population centres tend to have a greater range of goods and services available than small centres. Typically, a population centre is not likely to provide a full range of goods and services until its population reaches around 250,000 people.
The measures of remoteness used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) are based on population estimates obtained from the Census of Population and Housing, conducted every 5 years. Remoteness measures are calculated using Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA+) scores, which are based on the distance of geographic locations from the nearest population centre in various size ranges. The lower the ARIA+ score for a location, the better its level of access to goods and services.
Information in relation to how remoteness is defined and calculated is available from the Geography portal on the ABS website.
Information in relation to how ARIA+ scores are calculated for physical locations is available from the Australian Population and Migration Research Centre (APMRC) website.
|Classification scheme:||Australian Statistical Geography Standard 2011|
|Maximum character length:||1|
Source and reference attributes
|Submitting organisation:||Australian Institute of Health and Welfare|
|Steward:||Australian Institute of Health and Welfare|
|Origin:||<P>Publications detailing the ASGS remoteness classification are available free of charge from the ABS website:</P> <P>Australian Bureau of Statistics 2013. 1270.055.005 - Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 5 - Remoteness Structure, July 2011. Viewed 15 July 2013,<br /><A href="http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/[email protected]/DetailsPage/1270.0.55.005July%202011?OpenDocument">http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/[email protected]/DetailsPage/<br />1270.0.55.005July%202011?OpenDocument</A></P>|
|Reference documents:||<P>Information relating to the development of the ARIA and ARIA+ scores by the National Centre for Social Applications of Geographic Information Systems (GISCA) is available from the APMRC website: </P> <P>Australian Population and Migration Research Centre (APMRC) 2013. ARIA (Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia). Viewed 15 July 2013,<br /><A href="http://www.adelaide.edu.au/apmrc/research/projects/category/about_aria.html">http://www.adelaide.edu.au/apmrc/research/projects/<br />category/about_aria.html</A></P>|
|Related metadata references:|
See also Admitted patient care remoteness classification (ASGS-RA) N
See also Medicare remoteness classification (ASGS-RA) N
See also Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) remoteness classification (ASGS-RA) X
Supersedes Remoteness classification (ASGC-RA) N
|Data elements implementing this value domain:|
Health-care incident—geographic remoteness, remoteness classification (ASGS-RA) code N
Person—geographic remoteness, classification (ASGS-RA) N
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