National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2011
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Short name:||PI 09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2011|
|Registration status:||Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012|
There are two measures for this indicator:
Measure (1a): Mortality rates for children aged less than five years, by Indigenous status.
Measure (1b): Excess deaths for Indigenous children aged less than five years.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data for this indicator is for perinatal mortality, infant mortality, child 1-4 years mortality and child 0-4 years mortality.
|Rationale:||High level of public interest. Key measure for the 'Closing the Gap' indicator of halving the gap in mortality rates for children under 5.|
|Indicator set:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement (2011) Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012|
|Outcome area:||Indigenous children have the same health outcomes as other Australian children Indigenous, Endorsed 21/07/2010|
Collection and usage attributes
|Population group age to:||Under 5 years of age|
Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for Indigenous:non-Indigenous.
Per 1,000 births (perinatal and infant)
Per 100,000 persons (children 1-4 and children 0-4)
(1b): Excess deaths: number.
‘Perinatal mortality’ is defined in the ABS Perinatals Collection as death of a baby within 28 days of birth (neonatal death) or of a fetus (unborn child) that weighs at least 400 grams or, if birth weight is unavailable, at gestational age of 20 weeks or more.
Perinatal and infant mortality rates: 1000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator).
Children 1-4 and 0-4 mortality rates: 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator).
Excess deaths: Observed number of Indigenous deaths among babies before, during or within one month of birth (perinatals), infants, children aged 1-4 years and children aged 0-4 years less expected number of deaths among Indigenous children of the corresponding age group if the age specific rate of the non-Indigenous population was applied to the Indigenous population.
|Numerator:||Perinatal: Number of perinatal deaths (foetal and neo-natal)
Infant: Number of deaths among children aged less than 1 year
Children 1-4: Number of deaths among children aged 1-4 yearsChildren 0-4: Number of deaths among children 0 to 4 years
|Numerator data elements:|
|Denominator:||Perinatal: Number of all live births and stillbirths
Infant: Number of live births
Children 1-4: Population aged 1-4 yearsChildren 0-4: Population aged 0-4 years
|Denominator data elements:|
National and selected state/territories by Indigenous status.
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Most recent data available for 2011 CRC report is 2009 for ABS infant and child mortality data; and 2008 for ABS perinatal data;
Infant and child mortality:
Aggregated data (2004-2008 & 2005-2009) will be reported for the current reporting period.
Single year data (2007, 2008 & 2009) will be reported for time series (national level only for infants and child 0-4 years).
Perinatal data: Aggregated data (2004-2008) will be reported for the current reporting period.
Single year data (2007, 2008) will be reported for time series analyses (national level only for perinatals).
Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable.
At this stage, only data from selected state/territories are considered of acceptable quality for reporting mortality of Indigenous persons (NSW, Qld, WA, SA & NT).
National rates should include these five states and territories only.
Indigenous child mortality data is subject to high variability due to small numbers of deaths among children 0 to 4 years.
Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period. Single year data will be used for reporting time series.
Baseline year for this indicator is 2008; target year is 2018.
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Deaths|
Data source attributes
|Reporting requirements:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement.|
|Organisation responsible for providing data:||Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).|
|Further data development / collection required:||Specification: Long-term.|
|Related metadata references:|
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB 09-Halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five within a decade, 2011 Health, Superseded 30/10/2011
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 19-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2011 Health, Superseded 30/10/2011
Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2010 Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011
Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths), 2012 Indigenous, Archived 13/06/2013
See also National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09a-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (AIHW Data), 2011 Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012