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National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2011

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termPI 09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2011
METeOR identifier:Help on this term425757
Registration status:Help on this termIndigenous, Archived 01/07/2012
Description:Help on this term

There are two measures for this indicator:

Measure (1a): Mortality rates for children aged less than five years, by Indigenous status.

Measure (1b): Excess deaths for Indigenous children aged less than five years.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data for this indicator is for perinatal mortality, infant mortality, child 1-4 years mortality and child 0-4 years mortality.

Rationale:Help on this termHigh level of public interest. Key measure for the 'Closing the Gap' indicator of halving the gap in mortality rates for children under 5.
Indicator set:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement (2011) Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012
Outcome area:Help on this termIndigenous children have the same health outcomes as other Australian children Indigenous, Endorsed 21/07/2010

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age to:Help on this termUnder 5 years of age
Computation description:Help on this term

Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for Indigenous:non-Indigenous.

Presentation:

(1a):

Per 1,000 births (perinatal and infant)

Per 100,000 persons (children 1-4 and children 0-4)

(1b): Excess deaths: number.

Definitions:

‘Perinatal mortality’ is defined in the ABS Perinatals Collection as death of a baby within 28 days of birth (neonatal death) or of a fetus (unborn child) that weighs at least 400 grams or, if birth weight is unavailable, at gestational age of 20 weeks or more.

Computation:Help on this term

Perinatal and infant mortality rates: 1000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator).

Children 1-4 and 0-4 mortality rates: 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator).

Excess deaths: Observed number of Indigenous deaths among babies before, during or within one month of birth (perinatals), infants, children aged 1-4 years and children aged 0-4 years less expected number of deaths among Indigenous children of the corresponding age group if the age specific rate of the non-Indigenous population was applied to the Indigenous population.

Numerator:Help on this termPerinatal: Number of perinatal deaths (foetal and neo-natal)

Infant: Number of deaths among children aged less than 1 year

Children 1-4: Number of deaths among children aged 1-4 years

Children 0-4: Number of deaths among children 0 to 4 years
Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetBirth—birth status, code N
Data Source
ABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Perinatal numerator data source
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Number of foetal and and neonatal deaths
Data Source
ABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Perinatal numerator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Infant and child numerator data source
Denominator:Help on this termPerinatal: Number of all live births and stillbirths

Infant: Number of live births

Children 1-4: Population aged 1-4 years

Children 0-4: Population aged 0-4 years
Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetBirth—birth status, code N
Data Source
ABS birth registration data
Guide for use
Data Source type: Administrative by-product data
Perinatal and infant denominator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data Source type: ERP is derived from Census, PES and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Child 1-4 and 0-4 years denominator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data Source type: Estimated resident population (ERP) is derived from Census, Post-enumeration survey (PES) and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Child 1-4 and 0-4 years denominator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data Source type: ERP is derived from Census, PES and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Child 1-4 and 0-4 years denominator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data Source type: ERP is derived from Census, PES and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Child 1-4 and 0-4 years denominator data source
Disaggregation:Help on this term

National and selected state/territories by Indigenous status.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2007) NNNNN
Data Source
ABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2011 CRC report is 2009 for ABS infant and child mortality data; and 2008 for ABS perinatal data;

Infant and child mortality:

Aggregated data (2004-2008 & 2005-2009) will be reported for the current reporting period.

Single year data (2007, 2008 & 2009) will be reported for time series (national level only for infants and child 0-4 years).

Perinatal data: Aggregated data (2004-2008) will be reported for the current reporting period.

Single year data (2007, 2008) will be reported for time series analyses (national level only for perinatals).

Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable.

At this stage, only data from selected state/territories are considered of acceptable quality for reporting mortality of Indigenous persons (NSW, Qld, WA, SA & NT).

National rates should include these five states and territories only.

Indigenous child mortality data is subject to high variability due to small numbers of deaths among children 0 to 4 years.

Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period. Single year data will be used for reporting time series.

Baseline year for this indicator is 2008; target year is 2018.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this termN[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Death Registrations Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS birth registration data
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Quality statement
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections, QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement.
Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this termAustralian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).
Further data development / collection required:Help on this termSpecification: Long-term.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB 09-Halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five within a decade, 2011 Health, Superseded 30/10/2011

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 19-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2011 Health, Superseded 30/10/2011

Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2010 Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011

Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths), 2012 Indigenous, Archived 13/06/2013

See also National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09a-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (AIHW Data), 2011 Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012

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