National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09a-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (AIHW Data), 2011
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Short name:||PI 09a-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (AIHW Data), 2011|
|Description:||There are two measures for this indicator:
Measure (1a): Mortality rates for children aged less than five years, by Indigenous status.
Measure (1b): Excess deaths for Indigenous children aged less than five years.
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) data for this indicator is for perinatal mortality only.
|Rationale:||High level of public interest. Key measure for the 'Closing the Gap' indicator of halving the gap in mortality rates for children under 5.|
|Indicator set:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement (2011)|
Indigenous, Superseded 01/07/2012
|Outcome area:||Indigenous children have the same health outcomes as other Australian children|
Indigenous, Standard 21/07/2010
Collection and usage attributes
|Population group age to:||Infants up to 28 days of birth (perinatal mortality).|
Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for Indigenous: non-Indigenous.
Per 1,000 births (perinatal).
Excess deaths: number.
'Perinatal mortality' is defined by the AIHW National Perinatal Data Collection to all fetal and neonatal deaths of at least 400 grams or at least 20 weeks gestation (neither take precedence over the other).
Perinatal mortality rates: 1,000 x (Numerator÷ Denominator).
Excess deaths: Observed number of Indigenous deaths among babies before, during or within one month of birth (perinatals) less expected number of deaths among Indigenous babies of the same age if the age specific rate of the non-Indigenous population was applied to the Indigenous population.
|Numerator:||Number of perinatal deaths (foetal and neo-natal)|
|Numerator data elements:|
|Denominator:||Perinatal: Number of all live births and stillbirths|
|Denominator data elements:|
Disaggregation: National and selected state/territories by Indigenous status.
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Most recent data available is 2008 for AIHW perinatal data;
Single year data (2007, 2008) will be reported for time series analyses (national level only for perinatals).
Currently available data on Perinatal deaths from the National Perinatal Data Collection is based solely on the Indigenous status of the mother.
Baseline year for this indicator is 2008; target year is 2018.
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Deaths|
Data source attributes
Calendar years ending 31 December each year
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
|Reporting requirements:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement.|
|Organisation responsible for providing data:||Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).|
|Further data development / collection required:||Specification: Long-term.|
Source and reference attributes
|Related metadata references:|
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB 09-Halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five within a decade, 2011
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 19-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2011
Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09a-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (AIHW Data), 2010
See also National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2011
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