National Healthcare Agreement: PI 11–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2020
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Indicator type:||Progress measure|
|Short name:||PI 11–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2020|
|Registration status:||Health, Standard 13/03/2020|
Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress.
|Indicator set:||National Healthcare Agreement (2020) Health, Standard 13/03/2020|
|Outcome area:||Prevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010|
Collection and usage attributes
Derived from the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, with higher scores indicating a higher level of distress; lower scores indicate a low level of distress.
A ten item scale is currently employed by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in general population collections (i.e. K10), while a modified five item scale is included in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population collections (K5).
Total scores from the K10 scale will be grouped as follows:
Total scores from the K5 scale will be grouped as follows:
Presented as a percentage. Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population. 95% confidence intervals and relative standard errors calculated for rates.
100 × (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
Number of people aged 18 and over with a very high distress score as measured by the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale.
|Numerator data elements:|
Population aged 18 and over.
|Denominator data elements:|
2017–18—State and territory by sex.
2017–18—Grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress—State and territory by:
2017–18—Grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress—Nationally by:
Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication.
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Most recent data available for the 2020 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting: 2017–18 (total population, non-Indigenous: NHS); 2018–19 (Indigenous only: NATSIHS).
National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) or National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) data may be used for analysis, dependent upon which survey is most recent.
The modified K5 scale from the 2018–19 NATSIHS was used with the corresponding 5 questions from the 2017–18 NHS to compare the psychological distress levels of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous peoples.
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Data source attributes
National Healthcare Agreement
|Organisation responsible for providing data:|
Australian Bureau of Statistics
|Further data development / collection required:|
Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.
Source and reference attributes
Australian Bureau of Statistics
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2012. Information Paper: Use of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale in ABS Health Surveys, Australia, 2007–08. ABS cat.no. 4817.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS. Viewed 27 September 2019,
|Related metadata references:|
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.3.1–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020
Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 11–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2019 Health, Superseded 13/03/2020
Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 11–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2021 Health, Standard 03/07/2020