Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.3.1–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2019

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Indicator
Indicator type:Indicator
Short name:AHPF PI 3.3.1–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2019
METeOR identifier:715313
Registration status:Health, Standard 09/04/2020
Description:

Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress.

Indicator set:Australian Health Performance Framework, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:

Derived from the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, with higher scores indicating a higher level of distress; lower scores indicate a low level of distress.

A 10 item scale is currently employed by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in general population collections (i.e. K10), while a modified 5 item scale is included in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population collections (K5).

Total scores from the K10 scale will be grouped as follows:

  • 10–15 Low
  • 16–21 Moderate
  • 22–29 High
  • 30–50 Very high.

Total scores from the K5 scale will be grouped as follows:

  • 5–11 Low/moderate
  • 12–25 High/very high.

Presented as a percentage. Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population. 95% confidence intervals and relative standard errors calculated for rates.

Computation:

100 × (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Numerator:

Number of people aged 18 and over with a very high distress score as measured by the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale.

Numerator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS 2014-15 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—Kessler Psychological Distress Scale score


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—Kessler Psychological Distress Scale score


Data Source
ABS 2014-15 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Denominator:

Population aged 18 and over.

Denominator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS 2014-15 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Disaggregation:

2007–08, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2017–18—State and territory, by:

  • Sex.

2007–08, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2017–18—Nationally, by:

  • Remoteness (Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS 2016) Remoteness Structure)
  • 2016 Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) quintiles and deciles
  • Disability status (not reported).

2007–08, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2017–18—Grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress—State and territory, by:

  • Remoteness (ASGS 2016 Remoteness Structure)
  • 2016 SEIFA IRSD quintiles
  • Disability status (not reported).

2011–13, 2014–15, 2017–18—Grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress—State and territory, by:

  • Indigenous status (see below)

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication.

2017–18 data for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population are not yet available.

 

Disaggregation data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2016) N(9)
Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey

Used for disaggregation by state/territory, remoteness and SEIFA


Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2011) N(9)
Data Source
ABS 2014-15 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey

Used for disaggregation by state/territory


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—Indigenous status


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetPerson—sex, code N
Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—disability status


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Comments:

Most recent data available for the 2019 Australian Health Performance Framework reporting: 2017–18 (total population, non-Indigenous: NHS); 2014–15 (Indigenous only: NATSISS).

Data for the total and non-Indigenous populations in 2007–08, 2011–12 and 2014–15 were obtained from the National Health Survey (NHS) run in respect of these years. The data elements used were similar to those listed above for the 2017–18 NHS. Data for the total and non-Indigenous population in 2007–08 were obtained from the Australian Health Survey

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) or National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) data may be used for analysis, dependent upon which survey is most recent. For 2011–13 proportions by Indigenous status, data for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population were obtained from the NATSIHS 2012–13. Data elements used for the 2012–13 NATSIHS were similar to those listed above for the 2014–15 NATSISS. Data from the 2017–18 NATSIHS are not yet available.

The modified K5 scale from the NATSISS/NATSIHS was used with the corresponding questions from the AHS/NHS to compare the psychological distress levels of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous peoples.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Percentage
Data type:Real
Unit of measure:Person
Format:

N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:3. Wellbeing

Data source attributes

Data sources:
Data SourceABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Frequency
Every 3 years
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS 2014-15 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS)
Frequency
Every 6 years
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:

Australian Health Performance Framework

Organisation responsible for providing data:

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Reference documents:

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2012. Information Paper: Use of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale in ABS Health Surveys, Australia, 2007–08. ABS cat.no. 4817.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS. Viewed 27 September 2019, https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/
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Relational attributes

Related metadata references:

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 11–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 11–Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress, 2021 Health, Standardisation pending 25/05/2020