Psychological distress cluster

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Data Set Specification
METeOR identifier:634099
Registration status:Health, Standard 28/04/2016
DSS type:Data Element Cluster

The Psychological distress cluster defines the level of current anxiety and depressive symptoms a person may have experienced in the four weeks prior to interview.

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:

The Psychological distress cluster records the score on the Kessler-10 (K-10), which is a standardised measure of non-specific psychological distress. The K-10 is based on questions about the level of nervousness, agitation, psychological fatigue and depression during four weeks prior to interview. It is designed to discriminate between those people who have a serious mental illness and those who do not.

The Psychological distress cluster consists of three data elements, that in combination provide a score on the Kessler-10.

A person is asked 'In the past four weeks, how often did you feel ....?' for the following symptoms:

1    Tired out for no good reason

2    Nervous

3    So nervous that nothing could calm you down

4    Hopeless

5    Restless or fidgety

6    So restless that you could not sit still

7    Depressed

8    Like everything was an effort

9    So sad that nothing could cheer you up

10  Worthless.

At the end of this question present the response options:

1    None of the time

2    A little of the time

3    Some of the time

4    Most of the time

5    All of the time

Only one option may be selected for each question.

Add the combined codes to create an overall numeric value of the level of psychological distress:

-Low: as indicated by a score of 10-19

-Mild: as indicated by a score of 20-24

-Moderate: as indicated by a score of 25-29

-Severe: as indicated by a score of 30-50


Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Relational attributes

Implementation in Data Set Specifications:

Prison dischargee NBEDS Health, Standard 28/04/2016

Parent DSS specific attributes +

Prison entrants NBEDS Health, Standard 28/04/2016

Metadata items in this Data Set Specification

Seq No.Metadata item Obligation Max occurs
1Person—type of psychological distress, code N[N]Mandatory10
2Person—frequency of symptoms, code NMandatory1
3Person—level of psychological distress, K-10 score of psychological distress code NMandatory1