National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P02-Mortality rate (and excess deaths) by leading causes, 2010

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Indicator
Indicator type:Indicator
Short name:Mortality rate (and excess deaths) by leading causes, 2010
METeOR identifier:396109
Registration status:Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011
Description:Mortality rates and excess deaths for Australians for the leading causes of death, (ICD-10 causes of death) by Indigenous status.
Rationale:Achieving the Closing the Gap target of closing the life expectancy gap within a generation requires monitoring mortality rates for different diseases so that it is understood which diseases are major contributors to mortality among Indigenous Australians and where programs are succeeding and where they are not.
Indicator set:National Indigenous Reform Agreement (2010) Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011
Outcome area:Indigenous Australians achieve health outcomes comparable to the broader population Indigenous, Endorsed 21/07/2010
Quality statement:National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P02-Mortality rate (and excess deaths) by leading causes, 2010 QS Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:There are two measures for this indicator:

Measure (1a): Mortality rates for Australians by the leading causes of death, by Indigenous status

Measure (1b): Excess deaths for Indigenous Australians by the leading causes of death

Crude and age standardised rates, rate ratios and rate differences are presented.

Computation:Rate: 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Excess deaths: Observed number of Indigenous deaths less expected number of Indigenous deaths if the age specific rates of the non-Indigenous population were applied to the Indigenous population.

Numerator:Number of registered deaths
Numerator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—date of birth, DDMMYYYY
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—date of death, DDMMYYYY
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—date of birth, DDMMYYYY
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—date of death, DDMMYYYY
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Denominator:Population all ages
Denominator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data source type: Derived from Census, Post-enumeration survey (PES) and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Derived from Census, PES and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Disaggregation data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2nd edn) ANN-ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2007) NNNNN
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—sex, code N
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Comments:Required disaggregation: By leading cause of death: National, sex and selected states/territories by Indigenous status

Recommended disaggregation: By leading cause of death: National, by sex by Indigenous status; selected states and territories by Indigenous status

Most recent data available for 2010 CRC baseline report: 2007

At this stage, only data from selected state/territories are considered of acceptable quality for reporting mortality of Indigenous persons (NSW, Qld, WA, SA & NT).
Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Rate
Data type:Real
Unit of measure:Person
Format:N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Deaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Death Registrations Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Quality statement
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections, QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Organisation responsible for providing data:Australian Bureau of Statistics
Further data development / collection required:Specification: Long-term

The statistical agencies and state/territory governments are currently working with Registrars and funeral directors and doctors to improve the quality of Indigenous status information on death notification forms and death certificates.

Indigenous identification needs improvement in deaths data.
Other issues caveats:

Disaggregation by Indigenous status is Indigenous Australians and other Australians (Non-Indigenous and not stated Indigenous status).

Rates are indirectly age-standardised to the Australian Estimated Resident Population as at June 30 2001. 

Numbers will be too small to report by cause of death in some states and territories.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:

See also National Healthcare Agreement: P59-Age-standardised mortality by major cause of death, 2010 Health, Superseded 08/06/2011

Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 02-Mortality rate (and excess deaths) by leading causes, 2011 Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012