Type of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy code N
Value Domain Attributes
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Value Domain|
A code set representing the type of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy.
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
More than one code can be selected when reporting on this item. For example, for a female who has preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension, select both Code 2 and Code 4. For a female who develops gestational hypertension which progresses to eclampsia, select Codes 1 and 3.
CODE 1 Eclampsia
Eclampsia is characterised by grand mal seizures, hypertension, proteinuria, oedema and may progress to coma. Before a seizure, a patient may experience a body temperature of over 40°C, anxiety, epigastric pain, severe headache and blurred vision. Complications of eclampsia may include cerebral haemorrhage, pulmonary oedema, renal failure, abruptio placentae and temporary blindness (NCCH 2000).
CODE 2 Preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is a multi-system disorder characterised by hypertension and involvement of one or more other organ systems and/or the fetus. Proteinuria is the most commonly recognised additional feature after hypertension but should not be considered mandatory to make the clinical diagnosis.
A diagnosis of preeclampsia can be made when hypertension arises after 20 weeks' gestation and is accompanied by one or more of the following: renal involvement, haematological involvement, liver involvement, neurological involvement, pulmonary oedema, fetal growth restriction, placental abruption.
Women with HELLP (Haemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzymes, Low Platelet count) syndrome, which is a variant of preeclampsia, are to be included under this code for preeclampsia.
CODE 3 Gestational hypertension
Gestational hypertension is characterised by the new onset of hypertension after 20 weeks' gestation without any maternal or fetal features of preeclampsia, followed by return of blood pressure to normal within 3 months post-partum.
In practice, only the first part of this definition—'...the new onset of hypertension after 20 weeks' gestation without any maternal or fetal features of preeclampsia...'—can be applied in the perinatal data context, as information is usually collected at birth.
CODE 4 Chronic hypertension
This may include essential or secondary hypertension. Essential hypertension is defined by a blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg systolic and/or greater than or equal to 90mmHg diastolic confirmed before pregnancy or before 20 completed weeks' gestation without a known cause. It may also be diagnosed in women presenting early in pregnancy taking antihypertensive medications where no secondary cause for hypertension has been determined.
Important secondary causes of chronic hypertension in pregnancy include:
Codes 3 and 4 are not to be used in conjunction with one another.
In the absence of any of the above conditions it is likely that a female with high blood pressure in the first half of pregnancy has essential hypertension.
Diagnosis for eclampsia (Code 1) is to be based on the ICD-10-AM/ACHI/ACS Tenth edn. (ACCD 2017).
For all other values, diagnosis is to be based on Society of Obstetric Medicine of Australia and New Zealand (SOMANZ) Guideline for the Management of Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy (Lowe et al. 2014). If the clinician does not have information as to whether the above guidelines have been used, available information about diagnosis of hypertensive disorder is still to be reported.
The diagnosis is preferably derived from and substantiated by clinical documentation, which should be reviewed at the time of delivery. However, this information may not be available in which case the patient may self-report to the clinician that they have been diagnosed with a hypertensive disorder.
Source and reference attributes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
Australian Consortium for Classification Development (ACCD) 2017. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM), Australian Classification of Health Interventions (ACHI) and Australian Coding Standards (ACS). 10th edn. Sydney: ACCD, University of Sydney.
Lowe SA, Bowyer L, Lust K, McMahon LP, Morton MR, North RA et al. 2014. Guideline for the management of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Society of Obstetric Medicine of Australia and New Zealand.
National Centre for Classification in Health (NCCH) 2000. The 10-AM commandments: Pregnancy-induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Coding matters 6(4):13–14.
|Related metadata references:|
Supersedes Type of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy code N
Has been superseded by Type of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy code N
|Data elements implementing this value domain:|
Female—type of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy, code N