National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 05-Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2018
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Short name:||PI 05-Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2018|
Indigenous, Superseded 31/07/2018
Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Australians, by Indigenous status.
High body mass accounted for 11% of burden of disease among Indigenous people in 2003 (Vos et al. 2007). Obesity is closely associated with risk factors for the main causes of morbidity and mortality among Indigenous people.
Indigenous people remain healthy and free of preventable disease
Indigenous, Standard 21/07/2010
|Data quality statement:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 05-Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2018; Quality Statement|
Indigenous, Superseded 07/02/2019
Collection and usage attributes
|Population group age from:|
Crude rates are calculated for Indigenous Australians.
Age-standardised rates are calculated for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
95% confidence intervals (CIs) and relative standard errors are calculated for crude and age-standardised rates.
Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for comparisons between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians (using age-standardised rates).
Number, percentage, rate per 100 persons, rate ratio, rate difference, CIs and relative standard error.
Body Mass Index (BMI) categories to be reported: obese, overweight, normal, underweight.
Crude rate: 100 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator).
Age-standardised rate: calculated using the direct method, with the Australian standard population as at 30 June 2001 as the standard. Ten-year age groups are used up to 55 and over to be consistent with estimates published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). For this indicator, the age groups used are: 18–24; 25–34; 35–44; 45–54; 55 and over
Rate ratio: Indigenous age-standardised rate divided by non-Indigenous age-standardised rate.
Rate difference: Indigenous age-standardised rate minus non-Indigenous age-standardised rate.
People aged 18 and over with a BMI greater than or equal to 30.00 (obese).
People aged 18 and over with a BMI of 25.00–29.99 (overweight).
People aged 18 and over with a BMI of 18.50–24.99 (normal range).
People aged 18 and over with a BMI less than 18.50 (underweight).
|Numerator data elements:|
Total populations (Indigenous and non-Indigenous) aged 18 and over.
|Denominator data elements:|
Obese, overweight, normal range, underweight.
National and state/territory, remoteness area, for Indigenous Australians (crude rates).
National and state/territory, remoteness area, by Indigenous status (age-standardised rates).
|Disaggregation data elements:|
There are no new data available for this cycle of reporting.
Most recent available data are in the 2015 National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA) Report (2014–15 cycle), from the core component (National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) plus the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NATSINPAS)) of the 2012–13 AATSIHS (Indigenous) and the core component (NHS and NNPAS) of the 2011–13 AHS (non-Indigenous).
Data from the 2011–13 AHS/AATSIHS for BMI are based on measured BMI and are not directly comparable to data from the 2004–05 NATSIHS/NHS which are based on self-reported BMI.
Data from the AATSIHS are available for very remote areas. The AHS does not cover very remote areas.
Baseline year for the Council of Australian Governments' NIRA target (Close the life expectancy gap within a generation) is 2006 based on the 3-year average 2005–2007; baseline for this indicator is the financial year 2004–05; target year is 2031.
The term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’ is preferred when referring to the separate Indigenous peoples of Australia. However, the term ‘Indigenous’ is used interchangeably with ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander’ in this indicator set to assist readability.
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Person-related Factors|
Data source attributes
National Indigenous Reform Agreement.
|Organisation responsible for providing data:|
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Source and reference attributes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
|Steward:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement Performance Information Management Group|
Vos T, Barker B, Stanley L & Lopez AD 2007. The burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2003. Brisbane: School of Population Health, The University of Queensland.
|Related metadata references:|
Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 05—Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2017
Indigenous, Superseded 06/06/2017
Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 05-Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2019
Indigenous, Superseded 23/08/2019
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB d–Better health: by 2018, increase by five percentage points the proportion of Australian adults and children at a healthy body weight, over the 2009 baseline, 2017
Health, Superseded 30/01/2018
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2017
Health, Superseded 30/01/2018