Psychological distress cluster
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Data Set Specification|
|DSS type:||Data Element Cluster|
The Psychological distress cluster defines the level of current anxiety and depressive symptoms a person may have experienced in the four weeks prior to interview.
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
The Psychological distress cluster records the score on the Kessler-10 (K-10), which is a standardised measure of non-specific psychological distress. The K-10 is based on questions about the level of nervousness, agitation, psychological fatigue and depression during four weeks prior to interview. It is designed to discriminate between those people who have a serious mental illness and those who do not.
The Psychological distress cluster consists of three data elements, that in combination provide a score on the Kessler-10.
A person is asked 'In the past four weeks, how often did you feel ....?' for the following symptoms:
1 Tired out for no good reason
3 So nervous that nothing could calm you down
5 Restless or fidgety
6 So restless that you could not sit still
8 Like everything was an effort
9 So sad that nothing could cheer you up
At the end of this question present the response options:
1 None of the time
2 A little of the time
3 Some of the time
4 Most of the time
5 All of the time
Only one option may be selected for each question.
Add the combined codes to create an overall numeric value of the level of psychological distress:
-Low: as indicated by a score of 10-19
-Mild: as indicated by a score of 20-24
-Moderate: as indicated by a score of 25-29
-Severe: as indicated by a score of 30-50
Source and reference attributes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
|Implementation in Data Set Specifications:|
All attributes +
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