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KPIs for Australian Public Mental Health Services: PI 16J – Restraint rate, 2021

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termMHS PI 16J: Restraint rate, 2021
METeOR identifier:Help on this term739900
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Candidate 17/11/2021
Description:Help on this term

The number of restraint events per 1,000 patient days within public acute admitted patient specialised mental health service units.

Rationale:Help on this term
  • Working towards the elimination of restrictive practices in mental health services has been identified as a priority in the publication National safety priorities in mental health: a national plan for reducing harm (NMHWG 2005).
  • High levels of restraint are widely regarded as inappropriate, and may point to inadequacies in the functioning of the overall systems and risks to the safety of consumers receiving mental health care.
  • The use of restraint in public sector mental health service organisations is regulated under legislation and/or policy of each jurisdiction.
Indicator set:Help on this termKey Performance Indicators for Australian Public Mental Health Services (Jurisdictional level version) (2021) Health, Candidate 17/11/2021

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:Help on this term

Coverage/Scope:

State/territory public acute admitted patient mental health service units in-scope for reporting in accordance with the Mental health seclusion and restraint National best endeavours data set (NBEDS).

Methodology:

Reference period for 2021 performance reporting: 2020–21

  • Restraint data are compiled by state/territory data providers according to the specifications of the Mental health seclusion and restraint (SECREST) NBEDS. As such, data are subject to the concepts and definitions developed for the data set.
  • For the purpose of this indicator, only mechanical and physical restraint events are included in the computation. Unspecified restraint events are not included.
Computation:Help on this term

(Numerator ÷ Denominator) x 1,000

Numerator:Help on this term

Total number of mechanical restraint events occurring within the reference period.

Total number of physical restraint events occurring within the reference period.

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Specialised mental health service—number of restraint events, total number N[NNN]

Specialised mental health service—type of restraint event, code N

NMDS / DSS

Mental health seclusion and restraint NBEDS–


Denominator:Help on this term

Total number of accrued mental health care days within the reference period.

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetEstablishment—accrued mental health care days, total N[N(7)]
NMDS / DSS
Mental health seclusion and restraint NBEDS 2015-
Disaggregation:Help on this term

Service variables: target population, remoteness.

Consumer attributes: nil.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetSpecialised mental health service—target population group, code N
NMDS / DSS
Mental health seclusion and restraint NBEDS 2015-
Data Element / Data SetAddress—statistical area, level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2016) N(9)
NMDS / DSS
Mental health seclusion and restraint NBEDS 2015-

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termEpisode
Format:Help on this term

N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termSafety

Accountability attributes

Benchmark:Help on this term

State/territory level

Further data development / collection required:Help on this term

Collection of restraint data at the national level occurs via the SECREST NBEDS, a data collection under the governance of the Safety and Quality Partnership Standing Committee (SQPSC), a subcommittee, of the Mental Health Principal Committee.

Data on the characteristics of the consumers subject to restraint is not currently available. Data development activity to expand the SECREST NBEDS to include consumer demographic information is under consideration by the Mental Health Information Strategy Standing Committee and SQPSC.

Other issues caveats:Help on this term
  • The use of restraint is governed by either legislation (a Mental Health Act or equivalent) or mandatory policy within each state and territory. The definitions used within the legislation and policies vary slightly between jurisdictions. These variations should be recognised in the interpretation of the indicator.
  • The type of restraint used, physical or mechanical, informs the understanding of an organisation’s management and use of restraint. However, the capacity to collect information regarding restraint types varies across jurisdictions.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare on behalf of the National Mental Health Performance Subcommittee

Reference documents:Help on this term

National Mental Health Performance Subcommittee (NMHPSC) 2013. Key Performance Indicators for Australian Public Mental Health Services, 3rd edn. Canberra: NMHPSC.

National Mental Health Working Group (NMHWG) 2005. National safety priorities in mental health: a national plan for reducing harm, Health Priorities and Suicide Prevention Branch, Department of Health and Ageing, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

Supersedes KPIs for Australian Public Mental Health Services: PI 16J – Restraint rate, 2020 Health, Standard 13/01/2021

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