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Disability group code N[N]

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termValue Domain
METeOR identifier:Help on this term680763
Registration status:Help on this termDisability, Standard 15/12/2017
Definition:Help on this term

A code set representing the impairment of body structure or function, limitation in activity, or restriction in participation that are responsible for disability.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termCode
Data type:Help on this termNumber
Format:Help on this termN[N]
Maximum character length:Help on this term2
Permissible values:Help on this term
ValueMeaning
Intellectual/learning
1Intellectual (including Down syndrome)
2Specific learning/Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) (other than intellectual)
3Autism (including Asperger’s syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Delay)
12Developmental delay
Physical/diverse
4Physical
5Acquired brain injury
6Neurological (including epilepsy and Alzheimer’s disease)
Sensory/speech
7Deafblind (dual sensory)
8Vision
9Hearing
10Speech
Psychiatric
11Psychiatric
Supplementary values:Help on this term
99Not stated/Inadequately described

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

CODE 1   Intellectual (including Down syndrome)

Applies to conditions appearing in the developmental period (age 0–18 years) associated with impairments of mental functions, difficulties in learning and performing certain daily life skills and limitations of adaptive skills in the context of community environments compared to others of the same age. It includes conditions such as Down syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, cri-du-chat syndrome.

CODE 2   Specific learning/Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) (other than intellectual)

Learning disability is a general term referring to a group of disabilities, presumed due to central nervous system dysfunction rather than an intellectual disability, covering significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of organisational skills, listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical skills.

CODE 3  Autism (including Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Delay)

Autism is used to describe pervasive developmental disorders involving disturbances in cognition, interpersonal communication, social interactions and behaviour (in particular obsessive, ritualistic, stereotyped and rigid behaviours).

CODE 4  Physical

Physical disability is used to describe conditions that are attributable to a physical cause or impact on the ability to perform physical activities, such as mobility. Physical disability often includes impairments of the neuromusculoskeletal systems including, for example, the effects of paraplegia, quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, motor neurone disease, neuromuscular disorders, cerebral palsy, absence or deformities of limbs, spina bifida, arthritis, back disorders, ataxia, bone formation or degeneration, and scoliosis.

CODE 5  Acquired brain injury

Acquired brain injury is used to describe multiple disabilities arising from damage to the brain acquired after birth. Results in deterioration in cognitive, physical, emotional or independent functioning. May be as a result of accidents, stroke, brain tumours, infection, poisoning, lack of oxygen or degenerative neurological disease.

CODE 6  Neurological (including epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease)

Neurological disability applies to impairments of the nervous system occurring after birth, including epilepsy and organic dementias (for example, Alzheimer’s disease) as well as conditions such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.

CODE 7  Deafblind (dual sensory)

Deafblind refers to dual sensory impairments associated with severe restrictions in communication, and participation in community life. Deafblindness is not just vision impairment with a hearing loss, or a hearing loss with a vision impairment. Deafblindness is a unique disability of its own requiring distinct communication and teaching practices.

CODE 8  Vision

Vision disability encompasses blindness and vision impairment (not corrected by glasses or contact lenses), which can cause severe restriction in communication and mobility, and in the ability to participate in community life.

CODE 9  Hearing

Hearing disability encompasses deafness, hearing impairment and hearing loss.

CODE 10  Speech

Speech disability encompasses speech loss, impairment and/or difficulty in being understood.

CODE 11  Psychiatric

Psychiatric disability includes recognisable symptoms and behaviour patterns, frequently associated with distress, which may impair personal functioning in normal social activity. Includes the typical effects of conditions such as schizophrenia, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, addictive behaviours, personality disorders, stress, psychosis, depression and adjustment disorders.
For psychiatric disability one would normally expect there to be a diagnosis. General issues with behaviour (where there is no specific diagnosis) should be reflected in the support needs captured in the Activity and participation need for assistance cluster (for example, support needs in relation to ‘interpersonal interactions and relationships’) rather than here.

CODE 12  Developmental delay

Applies to children aged 0–5 where conditions have appeared in the early developmental period, but no specific diagnosis has been made and the specific disability group is not yet known.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

National Disability Data Network (NDDN)

Steward:Help on this termDisability Policy and Research Working Group (DPRWG)
Origin:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2016. Disability Services National Minimum Data Set: data guide, July 2016. Cat. no. DAT 4. Canberra: AIHW.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

Supersedes Disability group code N[N] Disability, Superseded 15/12/2017, Community Services (retired), Standard 10/04/2013

Data elements implementing this value domain:Help on this term

Person—co-existing disability group, code N(N) Disability, Standard 15/12/2017

Person—primary disability group, code N[N] Disability, Standard 15/12/2017

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