Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Value Domain|
|Registration status:||Health, Standard 28/04/2016|
A code set representing types of communicable diseases.
|Maximum character length:||1|
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
For use in Prisoner health data collections. If this value domain is to be used with other metadata then 'Unknown' would map to code 8.
CODE 1 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
HIV refers to a condition where there is progressive failure of the immune system which can lead to infections, cancers and AIDS.
CODE 2 Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is a bloodborne viral disease that can be transmitted from one person to another through unprotected sex, blood-to-blood contact or sharing of injecting equipment. Hepatitis B causes inflammation of the liver and over time can lead to cirrhosis of the liver, chronic liver damage, liver failure and liver cancer.
CODE 3 Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a bloodborne viral disease, which is transmitted through blood-to-blood contact. Hepatitis C can result in problems such as chronic liver damage, liver cancer and cirrhosis.
Sexually-transmissible infections refers to illness that has been transferred by means of human sexual behaviour and includes chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes HPV and syphilis.
The Fourth National Hepatitis C Strategy 2014–2017 lists people in custodial settings as a priority population because of their increased risk of infection due to non-sterile injecting equipment, sharing of tattooing and piercing equipment, and other blood-to-blood contact (DoH 2014a).
While a vaccination exists, prisoners are recognised in the Second National Hepatitis B Strategy as being at increased risk due to low vaccination rates (DoH 2014b).
Prisoners are recognised in the 3rd National Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy 2014–2017 as a priority population due to their high-risk behaviours (DoH 2014c).
Source and reference attributes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
DoH 2014a. Fourth national hepatitis C strategy 2014–2017. Canberra: Department of Health.
DoH 2014b. Second national hepatitis B strategy 2014–2017. Canberra: Department of Health.
DoH 2014c. Third national sexually transmissible infections strategy 2014–2017. Canberra: Department of Health.
|Related metadata references:|
Supersedes Communicable disease test code N Health, Superseded 28/04/2016
|Data elements implementing this value domain:|
Prison dischargee—communicable disease test, code N Health, Standard 28/04/2016