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Person—absolute cardiovascular disease risk assessment result categories

Metadata item type:Help on this termData Element Concept
METeOR identifier:Help on this term585240
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 13/03/2015
Indigenous, Endorsed 13/03/2015
Definition:Help on this termResult categories of a person's absolute cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment.

Object Class attributes

Identifying and definitional attributes

Object class:Person
Definition:Help on this term

A human being.

Collection and usage attributes

Comments:Help on this term

Prior to 13 March 2018, the definition of the ‘Person’ Object class was ‘A human being, whether man, woman or child’. From 13 March 2018, the definition was edited by removing the words ‘…whether man, woman or child’ so that a person is defined as ‘A human being’. This amendment was undertaken to align the definition of a person with the Australian Government Guidelines on the Recognition of Sex and Gender and the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Standard for Sex and Gender Variables, which recognise that there are sex and gender types that are not exclusively male or female.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Origin:Help on this term

Macquarie University 2003. The Macquarie Dictionary 3rd ed. Sydney: The Macquarie Library Pty. Ltd

Reference documents:Help on this term

Attorney-General's Department 2015. Australian Government Guidelines on the Recognition of Sex and Gender. Viewed 26 July 2016, https://www.ag.gov.au/Publications/Pages/
AustralianGovernmentGuidelines
ontheRecognitionofSexandGender.aspx

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2016. Standard for Sex and Gender Variables, 2016. ABS Cat. no. 1200.0.55.012. Canberra: ABS. Viewed 26 July 2016, http://abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/
Lookup/1200.0.55.012
Main+Features12016?OpenDocument

Property attributes

Identifying and definitional attributes

Property:Absolute cardiovascular disease risk assessment result categories
Definition:Help on this term

Categorisation of absolute cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment.

Absolute cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment is the probability, expressed as percentage, that a person may experience a cardiovascular event within a specified period. For example, the 5-year absolute risk of 15% means 'a 15% chance that an individual will experience a cardiovascular event within the next 5 years'. The calculation, using multiple risk factor results, estimates a person's overall risk of CVD as opposed to the traditional approaches using individual risk factors such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure.

Three different categories are recognised:

  • High, more than 15% chance of a cardiovascular event in the next 5 years
  • Moderate, 10-15% chance of a cardiovascular event in the next 5 years
  • Low, less than 10% chance of a cardiovascular event in the next 5 years
Context:Help on this term

The formula (and associated colour-coded charts) used for CVD risk assessment in Australia have been developed by the National Vascular Disease Prevention Alliance (NVDPA) using Framingham equations. Details of the formula can be found in:
National Vascular Disease Prevention Alliance 2012. Guidelines for the management of absolute cardiovascular disease risk. Melbourne: National Stroke Foundation.

Property group:Help on this termPerformance indicators

Collection and usage attributes

Collection methods:Help on this term

Input information for CVD risk assessment is collected by general practitioners and other health care providers.

Comments:Help on this term

Absolute CVD risk assessment is the probability, expressed as percentage, that a person may experience a cardiovascular event within a specified period. For example, the 5-year absolute risk of 15% means 'a 15% chance that the individual will experience a cardiovascular event within the next 5 years'. The calculation estimates a person's overall risk of CVD based on multiple risk factors as opposed to the traditional approaches using individual risk factors such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure.

Assessment of CVD risk based on multiple risk factors is more accurate due to the cumulative effect of CVD risk factors. In view of this additive predictive power, it is reasonable to expect that any prevention or management decisions based on this risk assessment tool should help improve CVD outcomes.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Origin:Help on this term

Indigenous Primary Health Care Key Performance Indicators

Reference documents:Help on this term

National Vascular Disease Prevention Alliance, 2012. Guidelines for the management of absolute cardiovascular disease risk. Melbourne. Viewed 26 June 2019, https://www.heartfoundation.org.au/images/uploads/publications/Absolute-CVD-Risk-Full-Guidelines.pdf

Data element concept attributes

Relational attributes

Data Elements implementing this Data Element Concept:Help on this term

Person—absolute cardiovascular disease risk assessment result categories, code N Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
Indigenous, Archived 22/10/2018

Person—absolute cardiovascular disease risk assessment result categories, code N Health, Standard 06/09/2018
Indigenous, Endorsed 22/10/2018

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