National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 14a-Level of workforce participation (Census data), 2019; Quality Statement
Data Quality Statement Attributes
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Data Quality Statement|
Indigenous, Standard 07/02/2019
The Census of Population and Housing is collected by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) under the Census and Statistics Act 1905.
For information on the institutional environment of the ABS, including the legislative obligations of the ABS, financing and government arrangements, and mechanisms for scrutiny of ABS operations, see ABS Institutional Environment.
The Census is conducted every five years in August. Results from the 2016 Census were released in 2017 and 2018.
An extensive range of Census online products are available from the Census homepage on the ABS website.
If the Census information required is not available as a standard product or service, then ABS Consultancy Services can provide customised services to suit your needs. Contact 1300 135 070 from within Australia or +61 2 9268 4909 from overseas for all your Census and other information needs. Alternatively, email [email protected].
The 2016 Census Dictionary (ABS 2016) is a comprehensive reference guide designed to assist users to determine and specify their data requirements, and to understand the concepts underlying the data. It provides details of classifications used and a glossary of definitions of Census terms.
Information about the 2016 Census (including data quality statements and conceptual information) can be found in Census of Population and Housing: Understanding the Census and Census Data, Australia, 2016 (ABS cat. no. 2900.0).
Census data are available by state/territory and by statistical areas. The Census collects data from all people in Australia on Census night, except foreign diplomats and their families. People in Norfolk Island on Census night were counted for the first time in the 2016 Australian Census following passage of the Norfolk Island Legislation Amendment Act 2015.
The Census collects information on labour force status. The Census Dictionary 2016 (ABS 2016) provides a list of the classifications used in the labour force status variable.
The 2016 Post Enumeration Survey, which is run a month after each Census is completed, found a net undercount for the 2016 Census of 1.0%. This means approximately 99% of all people in Australia on Census night were counted; this was an improvement of 0.7% on the undercount from 2011. The Census is self-enumerated; respondents sometimes do not return a Census form or fail to answer every applicable question. While some data is imputed, the majority of output classifications include a `Not stated’ category to record the level of non-response for that data item.
Labour force status is the main census data item used to provide data for these indicators. The non-response rate for this variable in the 2016 Census was 6.7% (up from 5.6% in 2011).
The Indigenous status item is used to ascertain Indigenous status of persons. The non-response rate for this variable was 6.0% (up from 4.9% in 2011).
It is important for Census data to be comparable and compatible with previous Censuses and also with other data produced by the ABS and wider community. The ABS, and the Census, uses Australian standard classifications, where available and appropriate, to provide data comparability across statistical collections.
The 2016 Census dictionary (ABS 2016) provides some information on the differences and similarities between the Census and the labour force survey.
The Labour force Survey is also a source of information for labour force concepts and information (ABS 2017).
Source and reference attributes
Australian Bureau of Statistics
ABS Census of Population and Housing (Census). Data are available every five years.
ABS 2016. Census of Population and Housing: Census Dictionary, 2016. ABS Cat. no. 2901.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2016. Census of Population and Housing: Understanding the Census and Census Data. ABS Cat. no. 2900.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2017. Labour Force, Australia: Labour Force Status and Other Characteristics of Families, June 2016. ABS Cat. no. 6224.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS
|Related metadata references:|
Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 14a-Level of workforce participation (Census data), 2018; Quality Statement
Indigenous, Superseded 07/02/2019
Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 14a-Level of workforce participation (Census data), 2020; Quality Statement
Indigenous, Standard 06/02/2020
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