National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 12a-Attainment of Year 12 or equivalent (Census data), 2019
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Short name:||PI 12a-Attainment of Year 12 or equivalent (Census data), 2019|
The indicator has two measures:
(a) Proportion of the 20–24 year old population having attained at least Year 12 or equivalent or an Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) Certificate level II or above, by Indigenous status.
(b) Year 12 certification, by Indigenous status.
|Indicator set:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement (2019)|
Indigenous, Superseded 23/08/2019
|Outcome area:||Schooling promotes social inclusion and reduces the educational disadvantage of children, especially Indigenous children|
Indigenous, Standard 01/07/2016
|Quality statement:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 12a-Attainment of Year 12 or equivalent (Census data), 2019; Quality Statement Indigenous, Standard 07/02/2019|
Collection and usage attributes
|Population group age from:|
|Population group age to:|
Presentation: Number and percentage.
100 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator).
People aged 20–24 who have completed Year 12 or equivalent or whose level of highest non-school qualification is at AQF Certificate level II or above.
Measure is yet to be developed.
|Numerator data elements:|
(a) Census count of people aged 20–24.
(b) Measure is yet to be developed.
|Denominator data elements:|
National, and state/territory by remoteness area by Indigenous status.
|Disaggregation data elements:|
The 2016 census data, except for remoteness data, were provided for the 2018 National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA) report. Remoteness data will be provided for the 2019 report (2017–18 reporting cycle).
The most recent data available are from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 2016 Census.
The baseline report included data, for Measure (a) only, from the ABS 2006 Census.
People whose level of study is determined to be certificate level but is not able to be further defined (that is, coded as Certificate nfd) are assumed to have attained below Certificate level II and are therefore excluded from the numerator. Certificate level II or above includes ‘Certificate I or II nfd’ but excludes ‘Certificate nfd’.
People who did not state if they had a non-school qualification (or whose level of education was inadequately described) and did not have Year 12 are excluded from the calculation (numerator and denominator). People who did not state their highest year of school and did not have a qualification at Certificate level II or above are also excluded.
The Indigenous undercount in the Census may introduce bias into the results for Indigenous disaggregation, which may affect comparability across states and territories.
Data disaggregated by remoteness area were reported for the first time for the 2014 report.
Baseline year for the Council of Australian Governments' Closing the Gap target (Halve the gap for Indigenous people aged 20–24 years in Year 12 attainment or equivalent attainment rates by 2020) is 2006; baseline year for this measure is 2006; target year is 2020.
No data are available for reporting for measure (b) for the 2018 NIRA report (2016–17 reporting cycle), as this measure is yet to be developed.
The term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’ is preferred when referring to the separate Indigenous peoples of Australia. However, the term ‘Indigenous’ is used interchangeably with ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander’ in this indicator to assist readability.
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Socioeconomic Factors|
Data source attributes
Every 5 years
|Organisation responsible for providing data:|
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Source and reference attributes
|Steward:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement Performance Information Management Group|
|Related metadata references:|
Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 12a-Attainment of Year 12 or equivalent (Census data), 2018
Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 12a-Attainment of Year 12 or equivalent (Census data), 2020
See also National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 12b-Attainment of Year 12 or equivalent (survey data), 2019
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