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Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.1.1–Proportion of people with low income, 2020

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termAHPF PI 1.1.1–Proportion of people with low income, 2020
METeOR identifier:Help on this term728281
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 13/10/2021
Description:Help on this term

The proportion of people living in households with an equivalised disposable household income is less than 50% of the national median equivalised disposable household income. 

Rationale:Help on this term

Income plays a role in determining health and wellbeing through its impact on socioeconomic status.

Lower levels of income, educational attainment and occupation level—components of socioeconomic status—are generally associated with lower levels of health. Those from lower socioeconomic groups are at greater risk of poor health, have higher rates of illness, disability and death, and live shorter lives than those from higher groups

Indicator set:Help on this termAustralian Health Performance Framework, 2020 Health, Standardisation pending 30/07/2021

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age from:Help on this term

15 years

 

Computation description:Help on this term

The proportion of people living in households (excluding very remote areas) with an equivalised disposable weekly household income less than 50% of the national median weekly equivalised disposable household income.

Presented as a percentage.

Households refers to private dwellings. Private dwelling are houses, flats, home units, caravans, garages, tents and other structures used as places of residence. Long-stay caravan parks are also included. Residents of non-private dwellings are excluded. Non-private dwellings include hotels, boarding schools, boarding houses, aged care facilities and institutions.

Disposable income is gross income less income tax, the Medicare levy and the Medicare number of people in the household including adults and children.

Equivalised household income are income estimates adjusted by equivalence factors to standardise them for variations in household size and composition, while taking into account the economies of scale that arise from sharing dwellings. Larger households usually require a greater level of income to maintain the same standard of living as smaller households, and the needs of adults are usually greater than the needs of children.

Computation:Help on this term

100 × (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Numerator:Help on this term

Number of persons aged 15 and over living in a household (excluding very remote areas) with an equivalised disposable weekly household income less than 50% of the national median weekly equivalised disposable household income, excluding those in living very remote areas.

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person <50% national weekly EDHI


Data Source
ABS Survey of Income and Housing
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Denominator:Help on this term

Persons aged 15 and over

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person–total


Data Source
ABS Survey of Income and Housing
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Disaggregation:Help on this term

Nationally, by:

  • Age group
  • Sex
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Remoteness
  • State/territory of residence.
Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS Survey of Income and Housing
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey

Data item label: Age of person; Identifier AGECP


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—sex


Data Source
ABS Survey of Income and Housing
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey

Data item label: Sex; Identifier SEXP


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person - remoteness area


Data Source
ABS Survey of Income and Housing
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey

Data item label: Remoteness Areas 2016, Identifier ARIA16


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person - state or territory of usual residence


Data Source
ABS Survey of Income and Housing
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey

Data item label: state or territory of usual residence 2016; Identifier STATE16


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—socioeconomic status group


Data Source
ABS Survey of Income and Housing
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey

Data item label: Index of relative socio-economic advantage/disadvantage – quintiles – Australia 2016; Identifier QADVD16


Comments:Help on this term

For most states and territories, the exclusion of people in Very Remote areas (based on the Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia) has only a minor impact on any aggregate estimates that are produced because they constitute just a small proportion of the population.

Those living in non-private dwellings, such as hotels, boarding schools, boarding houses, aged care facilities and institutions, are not included.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termProportion
Data type:Help on this termTime period
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this term

N[NN].N

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Survey of Income and Housing
Frequency
Biennially
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

Australian Health Performance Framework

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Other issues caveats:Help on this term

Proportion of people with low income does not include those in very remote areas.

Source and reference attributes

Steward:Help on this termAustralian Institute of Health and Welfare
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