Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Indicator type:||Progress measure|
|Short name:||PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2021|
|Registration status:||Health, Standard 03/07/2020|
Mortality rates for infants and children aged less than 5 years.
|Indicator set:||National Healthcare Agreement (2021) Health, Standardisation pending 03/08/2020|
|Outcome area:||Prevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010|
Collection and usage attributes
Infants (<1 year old): 1,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
Calculated separately for each of the two age groups, and for all Australians, Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates and aggregate rates by state/territory using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:
CI (CR) = CR ± 1.96 x (CR/√d)
Where d = number of deaths
CI = confidence interval
CR = crude rate
Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
Infant mortality rates: The rates for a single year use single year infant deaths for the numerator, and the number of single year live births for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator, and the number of single year live births in the midpoint year of the 5 years for the denominator.
Child mortality rates: The rates for a single year use single year data for the numerator, and the estimated resident population at a mid-point of that period for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator and mid-point for the denominator.
|Numerator data elements:|
|Denominator data elements:|
2017–19—Nationally and state/territory
2015–19—State and territory, by Indigenous status.
2019—Nationally, infant (<1 year old).
2019—Nationally, children (0–4 year olds) (not reported).
2019—Nationally, by Indigenous status (not reported).
2018—Nationally, by remoteness children (0–4 year olds) (Major Cities, Inner and Outer Regional combined, Remote and Very remote combined) (not reported).
Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and Northern Territory.
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Most recent data available for 2021 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting: 2019.
Because of small numbers of deaths each year data are presented in 3-year (total population) or 5-year (Indigenous population) groupings (state and territory only). Infant mortality rates for the Indigenous population are also presented at the state and territory level in 3-year groupings.
Single year data are reported for time series analysis (total population, infants only).
A system error affected the reporting of Western Australia Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 COAG Reform Council reports. These data have been revised for 2013 reporting.
Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.
Further details are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.20).
|Unit of measure:||Life event (e.g. birth, death)|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Deaths|
Data source attributes
National Healthcare Agreement
|Organisation responsible for providing data:|
Australian Bureau of Statistics
National Partnership Agreement on Closing the Gap in Indigenous Health Outcomes:
|Further data development / collection required:|
Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.
Source and reference attributes
Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council (AHMAC), 2017. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 Report. Canberra: AHMAC. Viewed 13 May 2020, https://www.niaa.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/health-performance-framework-2017-report
|Related metadata references:|
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.6–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.4.1–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB b–Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2021 Health, Standardisation pending 25/05/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 01–Proportion of babies born of low birth weight, 2021 Health, Standard 16/09/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06–Life expectancy, 2021 Health, Standard 03/07/2020
Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2021 Health, Standard 03/07/2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2021 Health, Standard 03/07/2020