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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2021

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2021
METeOR identifier:Help on this term725815
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 03/07/2020
Description:Help on this term

Mortality rates for infants and children aged less than 5 years.

Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2021) Health, Standardisation pending 03/08/2020
Outcome area:Help on this termPrevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010

Collection and usage attributes

Computation:Help on this term

Infants (<1 year old): 1,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
Children (0–4 year olds): 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Calculated separately for each of the two age groups, and for all Australians, Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates and aggregate rates by state/territory using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

CI (CR) = CR ± 1.96 x (CR/√d)

Where d = number of deaths

         CI = confidence interval

         CR = crude rate

Presented as:

  • number of deaths per 1,000 live births (infant)
  • number of deaths per 100,000 population (child).

Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Infant mortality rates: The rates for a single year use single year infant deaths for the numerator, and the number of single year live births for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator, and the number of single year live births in the midpoint year of the 5 years for the denominator.

Child mortality rates: The rates for a single year use single year data for the numerator, and the estimated resident population at a mid-point of that period for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator and mid-point for the denominator.

 

Numerator:Help on this term
  • Number of deaths among infants (<1 year old).
  • Number of deaths among children (0–4 year olds).
Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Denominator:Help on this term
  • Number of live births; and
  • Population aged 0–4.
Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetBirth—birth status, code N
Data Source
ABS birth registration data
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Used as the main component of the denominator for the infant mortality rate. Include live births only, i.e. value = 1.


Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Used for the denominator for the mortality rate for children aged 1–4, and as a component of the denominator for the mortality rate for children aged 0–4.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—projected Indigenous population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]


Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Used for the denominator for the mortality rate for Indigenous children aged 1–4, and as a component of the denominator for the mortality rate for Indigenous children aged 0–4.


Disaggregation:Help on this term

2017–19—Nationally and state/territory

2015–19—State and territory, by Indigenous status.

2019—Nationally, infant (<1 year old).

2019—Nationally, children (0–4 year olds) (not reported).

2019—Nationally, by Indigenous status (not reported).

2018—Nationally, by remoteness children (0–4 year olds) (Major Cities, Inner and Outer Regional combined, Remote and Very remote combined) (not reported).

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and Northern Territory.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2016) N(9)
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data

Used for disaggregation by state/territory and remoteness


Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2021 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting: 2019.

Because of small numbers of deaths each year data are presented in 3-year (total population) or 5-year (Indigenous population) groupings (state and territory only). Infant mortality rates for the Indigenous population are also presented at the state and territory level in 3-year groupings.

Single year data are reported for time series analysis (total population, infants only).

A system error affected the reporting of Western Australia Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 COAG Reform Council reports. These data have been revised for 2013 reporting.

Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Further details are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.20).

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termLife event (e.g. birth, death)
Format:Help on this term

N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Effectiveness

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Death Registrations Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS birth registration data
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Quarterly
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

National Healthcare Agreement

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Benchmark:Help on this term

PB b-Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2021

National Partnership Agreement on Closing the Gap in Indigenous Health Outcomes:
Halve the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under five within a decade.

Further data development / collection required:Help on this term

Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

Source and reference attributes

Reference documents:Help on this term

Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council (AHMAC), 2017. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 Report. Canberra: AHMAC. Viewed 13 May 2020, https://www.niaa.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/health-performance-framework-2017-report

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.6–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.4.1–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB b–Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2021 Health, Standardisation pending 25/05/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 01–Proportion of babies born of low birth weight, 2021 Health, Standard 16/09/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06–Life expectancy, 2021 Health, Standard 03/07/2020

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2021 Health, Standard 03/07/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2021 Health, Standard 03/07/2020

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