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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2020

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2020
METeOR identifier:Help on this term716490
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 13/03/2020
Description:Help on this term

Deaths from conditions that are potentially preventable through individualised care and/or treatable through existing primary or hospital care.

Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2020) Health, Standard 13/03/2020
Outcome area:Help on this termPrimary and Community Health Health, Standard 07/07/2010

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age to:Help on this term

74 years

Computation description:Help on this term

Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10, 2016 version) codes in scope are as specified below:

 

Table 1: Potentially avoidable deaths International Classification of Disease (ICD-10) Codes
Cause of death groups ICD-10 Codes Limits (age, sex)
Infections    
Selected invasive infections A38–A41, A46, A48.1, G00, G03, J02.0, J13–J16, J18, L03  
Viral pneumonia and influenza J10–J12  
HIV/AIDS B20–B24  
Cancer    
Cancer of the colon, sigmoid, rectum and anus C18–C21, C26.0  
Skin C43, C44  
Breast C50 Female
Cervix C53  
Prostate C61  
Kidney C64  
Thyroid C73  
Hodgkin's disease C81  
Acute lymphoid leukaemia/Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia C91.0 0-44 years
Diabetes E10–E14  
Diseases of the circulatory system    
Rheumatic and other valvular heart disease I00–I09, I33–I37  
Hypertensive heart and renal disease I10–I13  
Ischaemic heart disease I20–I25  
Cerebrovascular diseases I60–I69  
Heart failure I50, I51.1, I51.2, I51.4, I51.5  
Pulmonary embolism I26  
Diseases of the genitourinary system    
Renal failure N17–N19  
Diseases of the respiratory system    
COPD J40–J44  
Asthma J45, J46  
Diseases of the digestive system    
Peptic ulcer disease K25–K27  
Maternal & infant causes    
Complications of the perinatal period P00–P96  
Other conditions    
Complications of pregnancy, labour or the puerperium O00–O99  
Selected external causes of morbidity and mortality    
Falls W00–W19  
Fires, burns X00–X09  
Suicide and self-inflicted injuries X60–X84, Y87.0  
Misadventures to patients during surgical and medical care Y60–Y69  
Medical devices associated with adverse incidents in diagnostic and therapeutic use Y70–Y82  
Surgical and other medical procedures as the cause of abnormal reaction of the patient, or of later complication, without mention of misadventure at the time of the procedure Y83, Y84  
Other external causes of morbidity and mortality    
Transport accidents V01–V99  
Exposure to inanimate mechanical forces W20–W49  
Exposure to animate mechanical forces W50–W64  
Accidental drowning and submersion W65–W74  
Other accidental threats to breathing W75–W84  
Exposure to electric current, radiation and extreme ambient air temperature and pressure W85–W99  
Contact with heat and hot substances X10–X19  
Contact with venomous animals and plants X20–X29  
Exposure to forces of nature X30–X39  
Accidental poisoning by and exposure to noxious substances X40–X49  
Overexertion, travel and privation X50–X57  
Accidental exposure to other and unspecified factors X58,X59  
Assault X85–Y09  
Event of undetermined intent Y10–Y34  
Legal interventions and operations of war Y35, Y36  
Drugs, medicaments and biological substances causing adverse effects in therapeutic use Y40–Y59  
Sequelae of external causes of morbidity and mortality Y85, Y86, Y87.1–Y89  

 

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.

Presented per 100,000 population.

Computation:Help on this term

Number

100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

Age-standardised rate

ASR Formula

Where wi= the proportion of the standard population in age group i 

di=the number of deaths in age group i

ni=the number of people in the population in age group i

Numerator:Help on this term

Number of deaths of persons aged less than 75 categorised as potentially avoidable

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2016 version) ANN{.N}
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Denominator:Help on this term

Population aged less than 75

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—projected Indigenous population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]


Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data


Disaggregation:Help on this term

2015, 2016, 2017 (resupplied for revision to ABS cause of death data), 2018—State and territory.

2015, 2016, 2017 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data), 2018—Nationally, by Indigenous status (not reported).

2011–2015, 2012–2016, 2013–2017 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data), 2014–2018—State and territory, by Indigenous status.

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Northern Territory.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2016) N(9)
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Used for disaggregation by state/territory


Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2016 version) ANN{.N}
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2020 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting:

  • 2018 (Total population and Indigenous status at national level)
  • Aggregated data 2014–2018 (Indigenous status)

A number of updates to the ICD-10 were applied to 2013 and subsequent years causes of death data. Details of the impact of these changes on the mortality data are described in ABS Implementation of Iris Software: Understanding Coding and Process Improvements.

2013 data are coded using ICD-10 (2013 version). 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 data are coded using ICD-10 (2015 version). 2018 data are coded using ICD-10 (2016 version).

Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5-year combined data will be reported for state and territory disaggregations.

Estimated Residential Population (ERP) data for the total population and the Indigenous population are sourced from ERP rebased after the 2016 Census.

Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this term

NN[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Quarterly
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

National Healthcare Agreement

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

Further data development / collection required:Help on this term

Specification: Minor work required, the measure needs minor work to meet the intention of the indicator.

Source and reference attributes

Reference documents:Help on this term

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2015. Causes of Death, Australia, 2013. ABS cat.no. 3303.0. Canberra: ABS

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.2.1–Rates of current daily smokers, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.2.3–Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.3.1–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.4–Selected potentially preventable hospitalisations, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.6–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 04–Rates of current daily smokers, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 05–Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06–Life expectancy, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2019 Health, Superseded 13/03/2020

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2021 Health, Standard 03/07/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 18–Selected potentially preventable hospitalisations, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 23–Unplanned hospital readmission rates, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

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