Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.2.4–Inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, 2019
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Short name:||AHPF PI 1.2.4–Inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, 2019|
|Synonymous names:||Proportion of adults and children with inadequate fruit and vegetable intake|
|Registration status:||Health, Standard 09/04/2020|
The proportion of people not eating sufficient serves of fruit and vegetables each day to obtain a health benefit based on dietary guidelines published by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) in 2013.
A healthy diet plays an important part in overall health and wellbeing. A poor diet, high in saturated fats and refined carbohydrates and with inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption, increases the risk of developing a range of chronic conditions, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD).
|Indicator set:||Australian Health Performance Framework, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020|
Collection and usage attributes
|Population group age from:|
Adults: 18 years
Children: 2 years
|Population group age to:|
Children: 17 years
Inadequate fruit and vegetable intake is defined as not eating the minimum recommended serves of fruit and/or vegetables for their age.
In the NHMRC 2013 guidelines, the minimum recommended number of serves of fruit per day is:
The minimum recommended number of serves of vegetables per day is:
Analysis by remoteness and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) is based on usual residence of person.
Presented as percentage. Age-standardised percentages are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.
95% confidence intervals are calculated for percentages.
100 × (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
Adults: Number of persons aged 18 and over who did not eat the recommended serves of fruits
Adults: Number of persons aged 18 and over who did not eat the recommended serves of vegetables
Children: Number of persons aged 2–17 who did not eat the recommended serves of fruits
Children: Number of persons aged 2–17 who did not eat the recommended serves of vegetables
Indigenous population: Number of persons aged 15 and over who did not eat the recommended serves of fruits
Indigenous population: Number of persons aged 15 and over who did not eat the recommended serves of vegetables
|Numerator data elements:|
Adults: Population aged 18 and over
Children: Population aged 2–17
Indigenous population: Population aged 15 and over
|Denominator data elements:|
2007–08, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2017–18—Nationally, adults aged 18 and over with inadequate fruit and vegetable intake.
2017–18—Nationally, adults aged 18 and over with inadequate fruit and vegetable intake by:
2017–18—State and territory, adults aged 18 and over with inadequate fruit and vegetable intake.
2017–18—Nationally, children aged 2–17 with inadequate fruit and vegetable intake by:
Nationally, persons aged 15 and over with inadequate fruit and vegetable intake by:
Some disaggregation may result in numbers too small for publication.
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Most recent data available for 2019 Australian Health Performance Framework reporting: 2017–18 (total population, non-Indigenous: NHS); 2014–15 (Indigenous: NATSISS).
Data for 2007–08, 2011–12 and 2014–15 were obtained from the National Health Surveys run in respect of these years. Similar data elements were used to those listed above for the 2017–18 NHS.
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||2. Health behaviours|
Data source attributes
Australian Health Performance Framework
|Organisation responsible for providing data:|
Australian Bureau of Statistics
|Other issues caveats:|
Guidelines and measures of inadequate fruit and/or vegetable consumption are subject to change, affecting time trends. Data are self-reported survey results, and are subject to recall bias and sampling errors.
Source and reference attributes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
NHMRC (National Health and Medical Research Council) 2013. Australian Dietary Guidelines, Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council.