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Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.4.4–Mortality due to suicide, 2019

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termAHPF PI 3.4.4–Mortality due to suicide, 2019
METeOR identifier:Help on this term715334
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 09/04/2020
Description:Help on this term

The number of suicides per 100,000 Australians.

Rationale:Help on this term
  • Suicide is a leading cause of death among the general population, and people with mental illness are at even greater risk. Suicide rates are a commonly used global indicator of community mental health.
  • All governments are committed to working together to achieve a decrease in the rate of suicide. Suicide prevention through access and maintained support is a key early intervention goal of current and future programs.
  • Suicide is a complex problem that requires a whole of government response. Numerous factors, including age, gender, other health problems, social or geographic isolation and drug or alcohol problems, can influence an individual's risk of suicide. This complex interaction of biological, psychological and social factors can influence the outcomes of programs intended to reduce suicide rates.
Indicator set:Help on this termAustralian Health Performance Framework, 2019 Health, Standard 09/04/2020

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:Help on this term

The registration of deaths in Australia is the responsibility of state and territory Registrars of Births, Deaths and Marriages. As part of the registration process, information about the cause of death is supplied by the medical practitioner certifying the death or by a coroner. The information is provided to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) by individual Registrars for coding and compilation into aggregate statistics. In addition, the ABS supplements this data with information from the National Coronial Information System (NCIS).

Deaths that are referred to a coroner can take time to be fully investigated. To account for this, the ABS undertakes a revisions process for those deaths where coronial investigations remained open at the time an initial cause of death was assigned. Data are deemed preliminary when first published, revised when published the following year and final when published after a second year.

Computation:Help on this term

(Numerator ÷ Denominator) × 100,000

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population. Presented per 100,000 population.

Numerator:Help on this term

Number of deaths

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10), ANN-ANN


Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Death by suicide is defined as ICD-10 codes X60–X84 and Y87.0


Denominator:Help on this term

Total Australian population

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-base data plus administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—projected Indigenous population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]


Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-base data plus administrative by-product data


Disaggregation:Help on this term

2008 to 2017—Nationally, by sex.

2017—State and territory, by sex.

2017—Primary Health Network (PHN), by sex.

2013–2017—Nationally by Indigenous status and sex.

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication.

Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Northern Territory.

Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5-year combined data will be reported for Indigenous status disaggregations.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2016) N(9)
Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Used for disaggregations by state/territory and Primary Health Network


Data Element / Data SetData Element

 Person—sex


Data Source
AIHW National Mortality Database
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2019 Australian Health Performance Framework reporting:

  • 2017
  • Aggregated data 2013–2017 (Indigenous status)

Deaths registered in 2015 and earlier are based on the final version of cause of death data; deaths registered in 2016 are based on the revised version; and deaths registered in 2017 are based on the preliminary version. Revised and preliminary versions are subject to further revision by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

A number of updates to the ICD-10 were applied to the 2013 causes of death data. Details of the impact of these changes on the mortality data are described in ABS Implementation of the Iris Software: Understanding Coding and Process Improvements.

2012 data are coded using ICD-10 (2006 version). 2013 data are coded using ICD-10 (2013 version). 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 data are coded using ICD-10 (2015 version).

Single year data will be reported for time series analysis.

Denominators used in the calculation of rates for the Indigenous population are ABS estimates (Series B, 2016 Census-based). Non-Indigenous estimates are only available for Census years; in the intervening years the population is calculated by subtracting the estimated Indigenous population from the total population Estimated Resident Population (ERP).

Indigenous and non-Indigenous analysis excludes records where Indigenous status was 'not stated'.

Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5-year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period. For rate calculations, the average of the numerator is divided by the mid-point Indigenous population for the time period.

Data by remoteness and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this term

N[NNN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this term4. Deaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceAIHW National Mortality Database
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Quarterly
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

Australian Health Performance Framework

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also Suicide rate, 2018 Health, Candidate 09/08/2018

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