Australian Government: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare METeOR Home Page

Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.3.1–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2019

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termAHPF PI 1.3.1–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2019
METeOR identifier:Help on this term715278
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standardisation pending 03/12/2019
Description:Help on this term

Proportion of adults and children who are overweight or obese

Rationale:Help on this term

Excess weight, especially obesity, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnoea, psychological issues, some musculoskeletal conditions and some cancers. As the level of excess weight increases, so does the risk of developing these conditions. In addition, being overweight can hamper the ability to control or manage chronic disorders.

Indicator set:Help on this termAustralian Health Performance Framework, 2019 Health, Standardisation pending 03/12/2019

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age from:Help on this term

Adults: 18 years

Children: 2 years

Population group age to:Help on this term

Children: 17 years

Computation description:Help on this term

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated as weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of height (in metres).

For adults, underweight is defined as a BMI less than 18.5, normal is defined as a BMI of 18.5 to less than 25.0, overweight is defined as a BMI of 25.0 to less than 30.0 and obese is defined as a BMI of greater than or equal to 30.0.

For children, underweight is defined as a BMI (appropriate for age and sex) that is likely to be less than 18.5 at age 18, normal is defined as a BMI (appropriate for age and sex) that is likely to be 18.5 to less than 25.0 at age 18, overweight is defined as a BMI (appropriate for age and sex) that is likely to be 25.0 to less than 30.0 at age 18 and obese is defined as a BMI (appropriate for age and sex) that is likely to be greater than or equal to 30.0 at age 18, based on centile curves. See Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (ABS cat. no. 4363.0.55.001) for BMI values.

Excludes pregnant women where identified.

Analysis by remoteness and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) is based on usual residence of person.

Presented as a percentage. Age-standardised percentages are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

95% confidence intervals are calculated for percentages.

Computation:Help on this term

100 × (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Calculated separately for adults and children.

Numerator:Help on this term

Adults: Number of persons aged 18 and over who are obese or overweight.

Children: Number of persons aged 2–17 who are obese or overweight.

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Adult—measured Body Mass Index


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Child—measured Body Mass Index


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Adult—measured Body Mass Index


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Child—measured Body Mass Index


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Denominator:Help on this term

Adults: Population aged 18 and over

Children: Population aged 2–17

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Disaggregation:Help on this term

2007–08, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2017–18—Nationally, adults who are overweight or obese.

2017–18—State and territory, adults who are overweight or obese.

2017–18—Nationally, adults who are overweight or obese, by:

  • Age group and sex
  • Remoteness (Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) 2016 Remoteness Structure)
  • SEIFA 2016 IRSD quintile.

2017–18—Nationally, adults who are overweight or obese by sex by:

  • Disability status (not reported).

2017–18—Primary Health Network (PHN), adults who are overweight or obese.

2017–18—Nationally, children who are overweight or obese, by:

  • Sex.

2012–13—Nationally, children aged 2–17 who are overweight or obese, by sex and (all not reported):

  • Indigenous status
  • Age group.

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—area of usual residence


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey
Used for disaggregation by state/territory, remoteness and SEIFA
 


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—sex


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—Indigenous status


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—disability status


Data Source
ABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—sex


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2019 Australian Health Performance Framework reporting: 2017–18 (total population, non-Indigenous: NHS); 2012–13 (Indigenous only: NATSIHS).

Data for 1989–90, 1995, 2001, 2004–05, 2007–08, 2011–12 and 2014–15 were obtained from the National Health Surveys run in respect of these years. Similar data elements were used to those listed above for the 2017–18 NHS.

In 2017–18, 33.8% of respondents aged 18 and over did not have their height or weight measured. For these people, height and weight were imputed using a range of information including their self-reported height and weight. For more information see Appendix 2: Physical measurements in the 2017-18 National Health Survey in National Health Survey: First results, 2017–18 (ABS cat. no. 4364.0.55.001) (ABS 2019).

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termPercentage
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this term

N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this term3. Personal biomedical factors

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS 2017–18 National Health Survey (NHS)
Frequency
Every 3 years
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

Australian Health Performance Framework

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics

International comparison:Help on this term

This indicator relates to Indicators 13 and 14 in the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, 2012–2020 (WHO 2013).

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Reference documents:Help on this term

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2013. Australian Health Survey: User’ Guide 2011–13. ABS cat. no. 4363.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS. Viewed 20 November 2019, https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/
Lookup/4363.0.55.001Main+Features12011-13
.

ABS 2018. National Health Survey: First Results, 2017–18. ABS cat. no. 4364.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS. Viewed 20 November 2019, https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/
Lookup/4364.0.55.001Main+Features100192017-18?OpenDocument
.

WHO (World Health Organization) 2013. Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2013–2020. Switzerland: WHO. Viewed 17 October 2019, https://www.who.int/nmh/events/ncd_action_plan/en/.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.2.1–Rates of current daily smokers, 2019 Health, Standardisation pending 03/12/2019

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.2.3–Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2019 Health, Standardisation pending 03/12/2019

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.6–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2019 Health, Standardisation pending 03/12/2019

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB d–Better health: by 2018, increase by five percentage points the proportion of Australian adults and children at a healthy body weight, over the 2009 baseline, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 04–Rates of current daily smokers, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 05–Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2020 Health, Standard 13/03/2020

My items Help on this term
Download Help on this term