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Australian Atlas of Healthcare Variation 2018: Number of PBS/RPBS prescriptions dispensed for antibiotic medicines per 100,000 children aged 9 years and under, 2016-17

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termAntibiotic medicines dispensing for children, 9 years and under, 2016-17
METeOR identifier:Help on this term709170
Registration status:Help on this termAustralian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, Standard 13/12/2018
Description:Help on this term

Number of PBS/RPBS prescriptions dispensed for antibiotic medicines per 100,000 children aged 9 years and under, age-sex standardised. .

Indicator set:Help on this termAustralian Atlas of Healthcare Variation 2018 Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, Standard 13/12/2018

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age from:Help on this term

0-9 years

Computation description:Help on this term

Inclusion codes, description and additional requirements

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Code

Description (Drug Name)

Comments

J01 – Antibacterials for systemic use

J01AA - Tetracyclines

DOXYCYCLINE

 

MINOCYCLINE

 

J01CA - Penicillins with extended spectrum

AMOXICILLIN

 

AMPICILLIN

 

J01CE - Beta-lactamase sensitive penicillins

BENZATHINE BENZYLPENICILLIN

 

BENZYLPENICILLIN

 

PHENOXYMETHYLPENICILLIN

 

PROCAINE BENZYLPENICILLIN (PROCAINE PENICILLIN)

 

J01CF - Beta-lactamase resistant penicillins

DICLOXACILLIN

 

FLUCLOXACILLIN

 

J01CR - Combinations of penicillins, incl. beta-lactamase inhibitors

AMOXICILLIN + CLAVULANIC ACID

 

TICARCILLIN + CLAVULANIC ACID

 

J01DB - First-generation cephalosporins

CEFALEXIN

 

CEFAZOLIN

 

CEPHALOTHIN

 

J01DC - Second-generation cephalosporins

CEFACLOR

 

CEFUROXIME

 

J01DD - Third-generation cephalosporins

CEFOTAXIME

 

CEFTRIAXONE

 

J01DE - Fourth-generation cephalosporins

CEFEPIME

 

J01EA - Trimethoprim and derivatives

TRIMETHOPRIM

 

J01EE - Combinations of sulfonamides and trimethoprim, incl. derivatives

TRIMETHOPRIM + SULFAMETHOXAZOLE

 

J01FA - Macrolides

AZITHROMYCIN

 

CLARITHROMYCIN

 

ERYTHROMYCIN

 

ERYTHROMYCIN ETHYLSUCCINATE

 

ROXITHROMYCIN

 

J01FF - Lincosamides

CLINDAMYCIN

 

LINCOMYCIN

 

J01GB - Other aminoglycosides

GENTAMICIN

 

TOBRAMYCIN

 

J01MA - Fluoroquinolones

CIPROFLOXACIN

 

NORFLOXACIN

 

J01XA - Glycopeptide antibacterials

VANCOMYCIN

 

J01XC - Steroid antibacterials

FUSIDATE

 

J01XD - Imidazole derivatives

METRONIDAZOLE

 

TINIDAZOLE

 

J01XE - Nitrofuran derivatives

NITROFURANTOIN

 

J01XX - Other antibacterials

METHENAMINE HIPPURATE

 

 

Presented as the following rates:

(a)    number of prescriptions per 100,000 population

(b)    number of patients per 100,000 population 

Rates are directly age-sex standardised, to the 2001 Australian population, using 5-year age groups: 0-4 and 5-9.

For more information about age-standardisation in general see http://meteor.aihw.gov.au/content/index.phtml/itemId/327276

 

A patient’s age is calculated in years as difference between patient’s date of birth and date of supply for the prescription. Date of birth and sex are as reported on a patient’s last prescription for any drug, extracted on 18/04/2018.

Prescriptions are allocated to a financial year based on the date the medicine was supplied to the patient. For example for 2016–17, the date of supply is between 1 July 2016 and 30 June 2017.

Analysis by Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3) 2016 is based on the patient's postcode of usual residence as last reported by the patient to Medicare, valid at date of supply.

 

Suppress data (number and rate) if at least one of the following conditions are met:

·         the total denominator is less than 1,000

·         the total numerator is less than 20.   

 

Age-sex standardised rates are also suppressed where the denominator for at least one of the age-sex groups used to calculate the rate is below 30 and results of sensitivity analysis indicate that the rates are volatile. However, for SA3 data, if the volatility of the rate is not found to have a material impact on its decile, the rate is published with caution. For more information about the sensitivity analysis, see the Technical supplement of the Third Atlas. 

 

Computation:Help on this term

(a), (b) (Numerator ÷ Denominator) x 100,000

Numerator:Help on this term

(a) Number of antibiotic prescriptions dispensed, 9 years and under

(b) Number of patients dispensed at least one antibiotic prescription, 9 years and under

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) prescription—PBS item prescribed, code NN[NNN]A
Data Element / Data SetPerson—sex, code A
Data Element / Data SetPharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) prescription—patient identifier, identifier N(9)
Data Element / Data SetPharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) prescription—date of supply, DDMMYYYY
Data Element / Data SetPerson—date of birth, MMYYYY
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Denominator:Help on this term

As at 30 June 2016:

(a), (b) Total Population, aged 9 years and under

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Australian Demographic Statistics
Guide for use

Data source type: Census based plus administrative by-product data


Disaggregation:Help on this term

(a) SA3 2016 by:

  • remoteness (ASGS Remoteness structure 2016) and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA 2016) Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage (IRSD 2016)

Primary Health Network (PHN) 2017

State and Territory by:

  • age group (0-4 years, 5-9 years, 0-9 years)

(b) State and territory

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetAddress—Australian postcode, code (Postcode datafile) NNNN
Data Element / Data SetPerson—date of birth, DDMMYYYY
Guide for use

GPO postcodes 2001, 2124, 3001, 4001, 5001, 6843 excluded from the SA3 analysis but included in state/territory and national level analysis. 

Data source type: Administrative by-product data

Used for disaggregation by Statistical Area Level 3.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Address - statistical area, level 3 (SA3) code (ASGS 2016) NNNNN


Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termInteger
Unit of measure:Help on this termService type
Format:Help on this term

(a) Prescription event (b) Person

NN[NNNN]

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Australian Demographic Statistics
Frequency
Quarterly
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Methodology:Help on this term

Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3s) are geographic areas defined in the ABS Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS). The aim of SA3s is to create a standard framework for the analysis of ABS data at the regional level through clustering groups of SA2s that have similar regional characteristics. There are 340 spatial SA3s covering the whole of Australia without gaps or overlaps. They are designed to provide a regional breakdown of Australia. SA3s generally have a population of between 30,000 and 130,000 people. There are approximately 78 with fewer than 30,000 people and 46 with more than 130,000 as at 30 June 2016. The Other Territories of Jervis Bay, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island and Norfolk Island are each represented by a SA3 in the 2016 ASGS. For further information see the ABS publication, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2016. ABS. cat. no. 3235.0.

The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) code is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an internationally accepted classification for presenting and comparing drug usage data. Since 1982, the WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology (WHOCC), located in Norway, has been the central body responsible for coordinating ATC use. Note that the ATC codes used in this specification are from the Australian Department of Health’s version of the WHO ATC classifications, which have some minor differences from the WHO version, based upon a particular drug’s usage in Australia. The Department of Health’s ATC version is available at http://www.pbs.gov.au/browse/body-system.

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care

The Third Australian Atlas of Healthcare Variation 2018

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Accountability:Help on this term

The Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care

Release date:Help on this term11/12/2018

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

The Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care

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