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National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 13-Attendance rates Year 1 to Year 10, 2019

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termPI 13-Attendance rates Year 1 to Year 10, 2019
METeOR identifier:Help on this term699469
Registration status:Help on this termIndigenous, Endorsed 31/07/2018
Description:Help on this term

There are three measures for this indicator:

Main measure (a) Overall attendance rates for students in Year 1 to Year 10, by Indigenous status.

Supplementary measure (b) Proportion of students in Year 1 to Year 10 who attend school 90% or more of the time, by Indigenous status.

Supplementary measure (c) Number and proportion of schools achieving 90% or greater average school attendance for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous students.

Rationale:Help on this term

Improvements in attendance rates can lead to improvement in Year 12 attainments.

Indicator set:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement (2019) Indigenous, Endorsed 31/07/2018
Outcome area:Help on this termSchooling promotes social inclusion and reduces the educational disadvantage of children, especially Indigenous children Indigenous, Endorsed 01/07/2016
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 13-Attendance rates Year 1 to Year 10, 2018; Quality Statement Indigenous, Endorsed 07/02/2018

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:Help on this term

Presentation:

Measure (a) as a per cent of possible days of attendance

Measure (b) as a proportion of students

Measure (c) as a number and proportion of schools

Computation:Help on this term

Measure (a):

100 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Measure (b):

Numerator ÷ Denominator

Measure (c):

Numerator ÷ Denominator

Numerator:Help on this term

Measure (a):

Aggregate number of actual days in attendance in the collection period, for children in Years 1–10 by Indigenous status (children enrolled full time only) (Section 6.7; ACARA 2015).

Measure (b):

Sum of possible school days for students attending more than or equal to 90% of possible days in the collection period, for children in Years 1–10 by Indigenous status (children enrolled full time only) (Section 6.7; ACARA 2015).

Measure (c):

Indigenous: Aggregate number of schools for which the average attendance rate for Indigenous students in Years 1–10 is 90% or more.

Non-Indigenous: Aggregate number of schools for which the average attendance rate for non-Indigenous students in Years 1–10 is 90% or more.

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Actual days of school attendance.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Number of students who attend 90% or more of actual days of school.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Number of schools whose Indigenous students in Years 1–10 attended on average 90% or more of the time.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Number of schools whose non-Indigenous students in Years 1–10 attended on average 90% or more of the time.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

School attendance status.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Denominator:Help on this term

Measure (a):

Aggregate number of possible days for attendance in the collection period, for children in Years 1–10 by Indigenous status (children enrolled full time only) (Section 6.3; ACARA 2015).

Measure (b):

Sum of possible school days (the days each student is expected to attend) for all students in the collection period, for children in Years 1–10 by Indigenous status (children enrolled full time only) (Section 6.3; ACARA 2015).

Measure (c):

Indigenous: Aggregate number of schools reporting Indigenous student attendance rates for Years 1–10.

Non-Indigenous: Aggregate number of schools reporting non-Indigenous student attendance rates for Years 1–10.

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Possible days of school attendance.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Number of students possible for attendance in the collection period.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Number of schools reporting Indigenous student attendance rates for Years 1-10.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Number of schools reporting non-Indigenous student attendance rates for Years 1-10.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

School attendance status.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Disaggregation:Help on this term

Measure (a):

National and state/territory, by Indigenous status, by:

  • Combined for year levels and school sectors, by remoteness
  • Year level (1–10 individually), by school sector (government, Catholic, independent)

Measure (b):

National and state/territory, by Indigenous status, by

  • Combined year levels for government sector, by remoteness
  • Combined year levels for non-government sector, by remoteness

Measure (c):

National and state/territory, by Indigenous status, by

  • Combined year levels and sectors (government and non-government), by remoteness.
Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—Indigenous status


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

School sector.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—area of usual residence


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

School year level.


Data Source
National Student Attendance Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product.


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for the 2019 National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA) Report (2017–18 reporting cycle) are for 2018. Data are available from 2014 onwards for measure (a) and from 2015 onwards for measures (b) and (c).

Data availability:

Measure (a) 2018 (Semester 1).

Measures (b) and (c) 2018 (Semester 1).

Data are also collected for Term 3, but not reported in the National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA) performance report.

Baseline year for the Council of Australian Governments' (COAG) NIRA target (Close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous school attendance within 5 years) is 2014 (Semester 1); target year is 2018 (Semester 1 2019).

In May 2014, the COAG agreed to a new target to close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous school attendance within 5 years (by the end of 2018). COAG also agreed that the main measure to monitor the target would be the overall attendance rates for Year 1 to Year 10 by Indigenous status and remoteness.

Prior to 2014, no national school attendance rates were published for Indigenous and non-Indigenous students, nor were overall rates published for each jurisdiction. Data were published for each year level (1 to 10) for each jurisdiction for the three sectors (government, Catholic and independent). For practical reasons it was decided that the gap at the overall national level and gap for each of the 8 jurisdictions should be monitored. Under this approach, an overall attendance rate for Years 1 to 10 students needs to be calculated. This approach is consistent with arrangements for the other targets.

It was not previously possible to calculate a national average attendance rate (Measure (a)) as measurement varied by jurisdiction and across sectors; however, now all sectors and jurisdictions have adopted the National Standards for Student Attendance Data Reporting with New South Wales government schools adopting the standards in 2018.

Additional reporting by remoteness areas (within state and territory jurisdiction, and at national level using the education standard categories) provides a useful context for monitoring where gains are being made. Data are reported by remoteness using the Ministerial Council on Education, Early Childhood Development and Youth Affairs (MCEEDYA) geo-location classification for 2014 and 2015 data, and the Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian Statistical Geography Standard for 2016 data onwards.

While measuring progress against this target using data across Years 1 to 10, it will be important that the existing data by year level continue to be published (that is data for each year level) to allow for an understanding of how attendance at each year level is contributing to progress against the target.

For Measure (b), data for government schools are comparable with data for non-government schools from 2016 onwards.

Counting ‘schools’:

Measure (c) refers to number and proportion of ‘schools’. Student attendance data are collected at both a campus and/or school level. For NIRA reporting of the total number of schools, it has been agreed to count only head campuses and single campus schools.

Exclusion of certain schools:

Schools where student attendance rates have not been provided by the jurisdictions or Australian Government Department of Education and Training (on behalf of the Catholic and independent sectors), or where rates have been suppressed due to small numbers (that is, based on less than 6 students) are excluded from both the numerator and denominator in the calculation of the percentage of measure (c). These schools cannot be counted in the numerator as no statement can be made as to whether their attendance rate is under or over 90%.

Similarly, if either of the Indigenous and non-Indigenous attendance rates is based on less than 6 students, then neither rate is collected. The result is that around 30% of schools will not have either rate. As with the total student attendance rate, schools not reporting the Indigenous and non-Indigenous attendance rates will be excluded from both the numerator and denominator for the proportion of schools above 90% attendance rates.

The term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’ is preferred when referring to the separate Indigenous peoples of Australia. However, the term ‘Indigenous’ is used interchangeably with ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander’ in this indicator to assist readability.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termTime (e.g. days, hours)
Format:Help on this term

NN[N]

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termSocioeconomic Factors

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceNational Student Attendance Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

COAG Education Council


Accountability attributes

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Steward:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement Performance Information Management Group
Reference documents:Help on this term

ACARA (Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority) 2015. National standards for student attendance data reporting 2015. 2nd edn. Sydney: ACARA. Viewed 22 June 2017, https://acaraweb.blob.core.windows.net/acaraweb/docs/default-source/assessment-and-reporting-publications/2016115-national-standards-for-student-attendance-reporting.pdf?sfvrsn=2

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 13-Attendance rates Year 1 to Year 10, 2018 Indigenous, Archived 31/07/2018

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