National Healthcare Agreement: PB b–Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2019

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Indicator
Indicator type:Indicator
Short name:PB b–Halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2019
METeOR identifier:698950
Registration status:Health, Standard 19/06/2019
Description:

Difference in the mortality rate between Indigenous children aged 0–4 years and non-Indigenous children aged 0–4 years.

Indicator set:National Healthcare Agreement (2019) Health, Standard 19/06/2019
Outcome area:Prevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age from:

0 years

Population group age to:

4 years

Computation description:

Presented as number of deaths per 100,000 population

Computation:

100,000 × (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Variability bands are to be calculated for rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

CI (CR) = CR ± 1.96 x (CR/√d)

where d = number of deaths

         CI = confidence interval

         CR = crude rate

Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. The rates for a single year use single year data for the numerator, and the average of 3 years (with the reference year as the middle year) for the denominator.

Numerator:

Number of deaths among children aged 0–4

Numerator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Denominator:

Population aged 0–4

Denominator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—estimated resident population of Australia


Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—estimated resident population of Australia


Data Source
ABS Census of Population and Housing Post-Enumeration Survey
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetData Source
ABS birth registration data
Disaggregation:

2017—Nationally, by Indigenous status (not reported).

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory.

Disaggregation data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2016) N(9)
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data

Used for disaggregation by Indigenous status—only jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable are included.


Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Comments:

Most recent data available for 2019 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting: 2017.

Baseline: 2007.

Population data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is sourced from the 2011 Census-based Series B Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population projections.

A system error affected the reporting of WA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the Western Australian and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 Council of Australian Governments' (COAG) Reform Council reports. These data were revised for 2013 reporting.

Further details are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.20).

https://www.pmc.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/aboriginal-and- torres-strait-islander-
health-performance-framework-2014-report

Representational attributes

Representation class:Rate
Data type:Real
Unit of measure:Person
Format:

N[NN].N

Data source attributes

Data sources:
Data SourceABS Death Registrations Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Frequency
Quarterly

Data SourceABS Census of Population and Housing Post-Enumeration Survey
Frequency
Every 5 years
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS birth registration data
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:

National Healthcare Agreement

Organisation responsible for providing data:

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Benchmark:

National Healthcare Agreement Performance Benchmark:

Halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018.

Refer: http://federalfinancialrelations.gov.au/content/npa/health/
_archive/ healthcare_national-agreement.pdf

Further data development / collection required:

Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

Source and reference attributes

Steward:Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PB b–Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PB b–Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2020 Health, Standardisation pending 29/11/2019

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019

See also National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 06-Under five mortality rate by leading cause, 2020 Indigenous, Endorsed 17/11/2019