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National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 01-Estimated life expectancy at birth, 2019

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termPI 01-Estimated life expectancy at birth, 2019
METeOR identifier:Help on this term697094
Registration status:Help on this termIndigenous, Endorsed 31/07/2018
Description:Help on this term

The average number of years newborn babies could expect to live, if they experienced the age/sex specific death rates that applied at their birth throughout their lifetimes by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status.

Rationale:Help on this term

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most widely used broad measures of population health outcomes. It is the key component of measuring the target to ‘Close the gap in life expectancy within a generation’.

Indicator set:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement (2019) Indigenous, Endorsed 31/07/2018
Outcome area:Help on this termIndigenous Australians achieve health outcomes comparable to the broader population Indigenous, Endorsed 21/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 01-Estimated life expectancy at birth, 2018; Quality Statement Indigenous, Endorsed 07/02/2018

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:Help on this term

Number of years of life expectancy at birth (including the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians) and confidence intervals (upper and lower limits).

Computation:Help on this term

This measure is defined as: direct estimation of the life expectancy gap at birth between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians using the average number of deaths in the relevant 3-year period and the estimated resident population at the mid-point of that 3-year period, with adjustments for incomplete identification by Indigenous status.

For more information, see Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015–17 (ABS 2018).

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Number of years of life expectancy at birth.


Data Source
ABS Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015-2017
Guide for use

Data source type: Census based and administrative by-product data.

At this stage, Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians life expectancy are calculated for 3-year periods. Data are reported every 5 years for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Indigenous and non-Indigenous life tables are based on estimated resident population (ERP) (ABS 2017) (based on the Census of Population and Housing (PES) and the Census Post Enumeration Survey), death registration information provided by the state/territory Registrars of Births, Deaths and Marriages, and the ABS Census Data Enhancement (CDE) Indigenous Mortality Quality Study.


Disaggregation:Help on this term

National, selected states/territories by: sex by Indigenous status.

2015–2017: National, Indigenous by remoteness area (Major cities and Inner regional; Outer regional, Remote and Very remote).

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) (ASGS 2016)


Data Source
ABS Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015-2017
Guide for use

Data source type: Census, Census PES, administrative by-product data and the CDE Indigenous Mortality Quality Study.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—sex, code N


Data Source
ABS Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015-2017
Guide for use

Data source type: Census, Census PES, administrative by-product data and the CDE Indigenous Mortality Quality Study.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—Indigenous status, code N


Data Source
ABS Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015-2017
Guide for use

Data source type: Census, Census PES, administrative by-product data and the CDE Indigenous Mortality Quality Study.


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available are: 2015–2017 data released on 29 November 2018 and included in this cycle of reporting. Life expectancy at birth estimates by Indigenous status for 2005–2007 were revised based on improved measures of identification propensities.

Indigenous estimates of life expectancy are not produced for Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported in these jurisdictions.

Baseline year for the Council of Australian Governments' National Indigenous Reform Agreement target is 2006 using the 3-year average of 2005–2007; baseline for this indicator is 2005–2007; target year is 2031.

The term ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’ is preferred when referring to the separate Indigenous peoples of Australia. However, the term ‘Indigenous’ is used interchangeably with ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander’ in this indicator to assist readability.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termMean (average)
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termTime (e.g. days, hours)
Format:Help on this term

N[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termLife Expectancy & Wellbeing

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015-2017
Frequency
5-yearly
Data custodian

 Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

National Indigenous Reform Agreement

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Further data development / collection required:Help on this term

Improve the quality of Indigenous identification in births and deaths data.

Annual estimates of Indigenous life expectancy are not currently available but given rate of change may not be required.

Life expectancy data by remoteness area are only currently able to be produced for the two groupings of: Major cities and Inner regional areas; and Outer regional, Remote and Very remote areas. Further disaggregation of these groups would be useful.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Steward:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement Performance Information Management Group
Reference documents:Help on this term

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2017. Australian Demographic Statistics, June 2017. ABS cat.no. 3101.0. Canberra: ABS

ABS 2018. Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015–17. ABS cat.no. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra: ABS

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB a–Better health: close the life expectancy gap for Indigenous Australians within a generation, 2018 Health, Standard 30/01/2018

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06–Life expectancy, 2018 Health, Standard 30/01/2018

Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 01-Estimated life expectancy at birth, 2018 Indigenous, Archived 31/07/2018

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