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Adoptions DSS 2016-17

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termData Set Specification
METeOR identifier:Help on this term687752
Registration status:Help on this termChildren and Families, Standard 20/03/2018
DSS type:Help on this termData Set Specification (DSS)
Scope:Help on this term

The Adoptions data set specification (DSS) describes data collected from state/territory departments responsible for adoptions for the Adoptions Australia Collection.

Adoption is the legal process by which a person legally becomes a child of the adoptive parent(s) and legally ceases to be a child of his/her existing parent(s). Adopted children are normally aged 18 years and under; however, some known adoptions, such as adoptions by step-parents, can involve adoptees over 18.

The Adoptions Australia Collection contains data relating to two populations of children, those subject to:

  • Finalisations- children who were the subject of a finalised adoption order during the reporting period. This includes orders that were made in Australia and in the case of some intercountry adoptions, where the full adoption order was made in the country of origin.
  • Placements- children, regardless of the status of their adoption order, who were placed with their adoptive family during the reporting period. 'Placed with their adoptive families' refers to when the child enters the home.

The DSS excludes adoptions by Australian citizens or permanent residents who have lived overseas for 12 months or more and have adopted a child through an overseas agency or government authority. This type of intercountry adoption falls outside the jurisdiction of the Australian state and territory departments responsible for adoption.

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

Adoption categories

Intercountry adoption—an adoption of a child/children by a person/couple habitually resident in Australia from countries other than Australia who are legally able to be placed for adoption, but who generally have had no previous contact or relationship with the adoptive parents. Expatriate adoptions are not included in this category of adoption.

Local adoption—an adoption of a child/children who were born or permanently resided in Australia before the adoption, who are legally able to be placed for adoption, but who generally have had no previous contact or relationship with the adoptive parents.

Known adoption—an adoption of a child/children who were born or permanently resided in Australia before the adoption, who have a pre-existing relationship with the adoptive parent(s) and who are generally not able to be adopted by anyone other than the adoptive parent(s). Known child adoptions include adoptions by step-parents and other relatives. Intercountry known adoptions are not included in this category of adoption.

Hague/non-Hague countries

An adopted child's country of origin is categorised as either a 'Hague' or a 'non-Hague' country. A Hague intercountry adoption is where the adoptive child's country of origin has ratified or acceded to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, and the applicant(s) file was sent to that country after the Convention entered into force in that country. By ratifying or acceding to the Hague Convention a country is legally bound to apply the Convention.

In some cases, the categorisation of a country as either 'Hague' or 'non-Hague' may vary at different stages of the overseas adoption process (for example, a country may have signed but not yet ratified or acceded to the Hague Convention when an applicant's file is sent to that country, but by the time the adopted child enters Australia and is placed with their adoptive parent(s), the country may have ratified or acceded to the Convention and the Convention has come into force). By signing the Hague Convention a country expresses, in principle, its intention to become a party to the Convention. However, signature does not, in any way, oblige a country to take further action (towards ratification or not). A country is party to the Hague Convention if it has ratified or acceded to the Convention - this involves the legal obligation for the country to apply the Convention.

The list of 'Hague' countries, (ie. countries that ratified or acceded to the Hague Convention) can be found here. The listed date the Convention came into effect can be used to determine which countries had ratified the Convention before the end of the reporting period for the Adoptions DSS.

Implementation start date:Help on this term01/07/2016
Implementation end date:Help on this term30/06/2017
Comments:Help on this term

Intercountry adoptions programs and special care needs items are still developmental and are not part of the annual collection; definitions and parameters could change and will be discussed by the relevant authorities.

For local and intercountry adoptions, children are generally placed with their adoptive families before their adoption order is finalised; however, for some intercountry adoptions where a finalised adoption order recognised by Australian authorities was issued by the country of origin, placement may occur after the adoption order is finalised. Some children placed for adoption during the reporting period may not have their adoption finalised until a following year. In addition, some adoption orders finalised in the reporting period may relate to children who were placed in previous years.

Glossary items

Glossary terms that are relevant to this data set are included here.

Adoption

Adoptive parent

Applicant

Country of origin

Expatriate adoption

Finalised adoption

Hague Convention

Intercountry adoption

Known adoption

Local adoption

Placement

Step-parent

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Steward:Help on this termAustralian Institute of Health and Welfare

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

Supersedes Adoptions DSS 2013-16 Children and Families, Superseded 20/03/2018

Has been superseded by Adoptions DSS 2017-18 Children and Families, Candidate 08/10/2018

Metadata items in this Data Set SpecificationHelp on this term

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Seq No.Help on this termMetadata itemHelp on this term ObligationHelp on this term Max occursHelp on this term
-Adoption—access arrangement type, agreement type code NOptional1
-Adoption—adoption consent, code NOptional1
-Adoption—adoption organisation sector, code NOptional1
-Adoption—adoption placement not finalised, total N[NN]Optional1
-Adoption—adoption placement, total N[NN]Optional1
-Adoption—application for information lodged, total number N[NN]Optional1
-Adoption—application for information type, code NOptional1
-Adoption—application type, information/veto code N[N]Optional2
-Adoption—children adopted as part of a sibling group, total number N[N]Optional1
-Adoption—finalised adoption, total number N[NN]Optional1
-Adoption—Indigenous status, code NOptional1
-Adoption—intercountry adoption program, code NOptional1
-Adoption—person who lodged a veto, party to an adoption, code N[N]Optional1
-Adoption—person who lodged an application for information, party to an adoption code N[N]Optional1
-Adoption—sibling group, total groups N[N]Optional1
-Adoption—veto in place, total number N[NN]Optional1
-Adoption—veto lodgement, total number N[NN]Optional1
-Adoption—veto type, code NOptional1
-Adoptive family—adoptive parent marital status, code NOptional1
-Adoptive family—sibling composition, text X[X(199)]Optional1
-Adoptive family—sibling composition, type code N[N]Optional1
-Adoptive family—special care need, code NOptional1
-Adoptive family—special care type, code N[N]Optional8
-Birth mother—marital status, at child's birth code NOptional1
-Person—adoption type, code NOptional1
-Person—age, total years N[NN]Optional1
-Person—country of origin, code (SACC 2011) NNNNOptional1
-Person—intercountry adoption living arrangement post arrival, code NOptional1
-Person—intercountry adoption order type, code NOptional1
-Person—pre-adoption relationship to adoptive parent(s), code NOptional1
-Person—sex, code NOptional1
-Service provider organisation—approved intercountry adoption client, total number N[NN]Optional1
-Service provider organisation—intercountry adoption client file sent overseas, total number N[NN]Optional1
-Service provider organisation—intercountry adoption client, total number N[NN]Optional1
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