Suicide rate, 2018

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Indicator
Indicator type:Indicator
Short name:Suicide rate, 2018
METeOR identifier:683363
Registration status:Health, Candidate 09/08/2018
Description:

The number of suicides per 100,000 Australians.

Rationale:
  • Suicide is a leading cause of death among the general population, and people with mental illness are at even greater risk. Suicide rates are a commonly used global indicator of community mental health.
  • All governments are committed to working together to achieve a decrease in the rate of suicide. Suicide prevention through access and maintained support is a key early intervention goal of current and future programs.
  • Suicide is a complex problem that requires a whole of government response. Numerous factors, including age, gender, other health problems, social or geographic isolation and drug or alcohol problems, can influence an individual's risk of suicide. This complex interaction of biological, psychological and social factors can influence the outcomes of programs intended to reduce suicide rates.
     
Indicator set:Fifth National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan, 2018 Health, Candidate 09/08/2018

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:

The registration of deaths in Australia is the responsibility of state and territory Registrars of Births, Deaths and Marriages. As part of the registration process, information about the cause of death is supplied by the medical practitioner certifying the death or by a coroner.  The information is provided to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) by individual Registrars for coding and compilation into aggregate statistics.  In addition, the ABS supplements this data with information from the National Coronial Information System (NCIS).

Deaths that are referred to a coroner can take time to be fully investigated. To account for this, the ABS undertakes a revisions process for those deaths where coronial investigations remained open at the time an initial cause of death was assigned. Data are deemed preliminary when first published, revised when published the following year and final when published after a second year.

Computation:

(Numerator ÷ Denominator) × 100,000

Numerator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—death by suicide


Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Denominator:

Total Australian population

Denominator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—estimated resident population of Australia, total people


Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Disaggregation:

Consumer attributes: age, sex, state/territory, and Indigenous status.

Rates for Indigenous Australians are age-standardised.

Disaggregation data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element

 Person—age


Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Data Element / Data SetData Element

 Person—sex


Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Data Element / Data SetData Element

 Person—usual residence


Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Used to determine state/territory


Data Element / Data SetData Element

 Person—Indigenous status


Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection

Representational attributes

Representation class:Rate
Data type:Real
Unit of measure:Person
Format:

N[NNN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Less avoidable harm

Data source attributes

Data sources:
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:

Fifth National Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Plan

Organisation responsible for providing data:

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Further data development / collection required:

Nil.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:

Mental Health Information Strategy Standing Committee

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:

See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 3.4.4–Mortality due to suicide, 2019 Health, Standardisation pending 03/12/2019