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Person—area of usual residence, statistical area level 1 (SA1) code (ASGS 2016) N(11)

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termData Element
Short name:Help on this termArea of usual residence (SA1)
METeOR identifier:Help on this term659740
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 06/12/2016
Early Childhood, Standard 24/07/2018
Commonwealth Department of Social Services, Not progressed 15/04/2019
Definition:Help on this term

The geographical region in which a person or group of people usually reside, as represented by a Statistical area level 1 (SA1) code.

Data element concept attributes

Identifying and definitional attributes

Data element concept:Person—area of usual residence
METeOR identifier:Help on this term269542
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 01/03/2005
Early Childhood, Standard 21/05/2010
Tasmanian Health, Endorsed 01/09/2016
WA Health, Endorsed 19/03/2015
Independent Hospital Pricing Authority, Standard 01/11/2012
Disability, Standard 13/08/2015
Community Services (retired), Standard 21/05/2010
Commonwealth Department of Social Services, Standard 20/06/2018
ACT Health, Final 19/07/2018
Definition:Help on this termGeographical location of usual residence of the person.
Object class:Help on this termPerson
Property:Help on this termArea of usual residence

Value domain attributes

Identifying and definitional attributes

Value domain:Statistical area level 1 (SA1) code (ASGS 2016) N(11)
METeOR identifier:Help on this term659750
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 06/12/2016
Early Childhood, Standard 24/07/2018
Commonwealth Department of Social Services, Not progressed 15/04/2019
Definition:Help on this term

A code set representing a geographical area aggregated from whole Mesh Blocks.

Context:Help on this term

SA1s have generally been designed as the smallest unit for the release of data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics's Census of Population and Housing. SA1s have a population of between 200 and 800 people with an average population size of approximately 400 people.

Classification Scheme:Australian Statistical Geography Standard 2016

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termCode
Data type:Help on this termString
Format:Help on this termN(11)
Maximum character length:Help on this term11

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

SA1 coding structure:

SA1s are identified by an 11-digit fully hierarchical code. The SA1 identifier is a 2-digit code, assigned within a Statistical area level 2 (SA2).

State/territory SA4 SA3 SA2 SA1
N NN NN NNNN NN
Comments:Help on this term

There are 57,523 SA1s. In aggregate, they cover the whole of Australia without gaps or overlaps. These include 33 non-spatial SA1 special purpose codes, comprising Migratory–Offshore–Shipping and No Usual Address codes for each State and Territory.

SA1s are designed to be either a predominantly rural or predominantly urban in character, with SA1s in rural and remote areas generally having a lower population than in urban areas. SA1s are designed to be internally connected by road, except for groups of unpopulated islands and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, which may not be contiguous. Areas without permanent population (such as lakes, commercial areas, national parks etc.) are often represented by 'zero SA1s' - these are SA1s with an effective design population of zero.

SA1s are also used as the building blocks for a number of Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) defined regions including the Indigenous Structure, the Section of State and Urban Centre and Localities Structures, and the Remoteness Structure. Within the Non-ABS Structure, SA1s are used to approximate a number of administrative regions, such as Commonwealth Electoral Divisions and State Electoral Divisions.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Origin:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2016. Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas July 2016. ABS cat. no. 1270.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS

Data element attributes

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

The geographical location is reported using an eleven digit numerical code to indicate the SA1 region within the reporting state or territory, as defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS).

Collection methods:Help on this term

When collecting the geographical location of a person's usual place of residence, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) recommends that 'usual' be defined as 'The address at which a person lives or intends to live for six months or more'. Apart from collecting a person's usual place of residence, there is also a need in some collections to collect area of residence immediately prior to or after assistance is provided, or at some other point in time.

Comments:Help on this term

Area of usual residence is reported using SA1 to enable accurate and flexible aggregation of information to larger areas (such as the ASGS Remoteness Area classification). The use of SA1 also supports accurate analyses relating the data to information compiled by the ABS on the demographic and other characteristics of the population of each SA1, such as socio-economic status of area of usual residence using the Socio-Economic Index for Areas (SEIFA).

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Reference documents:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2016. Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas July 2016. ABS cat. no. 1270.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

Supersedes Person—area of usual residence, statistical area level 1 (SA1) code (ASGS 2011) N(11) Health, Superseded 06/12/2016, Early Childhood, Superseded 24/07/2018, Community Services (retired), Proposed 15/08/2012, Commonwealth Department of Social Services, Not progressed 15/04/2019

Implementation in Data Set Specifications:Help on this term
All attributes +

National Bowel Cancer Screening Program NBEDS 2018–19 Health, Superseded 12/12/2018

DSS specific attributes +

National Bowel Cancer Screening Program NBEDS 2019–20 Health, Superseded 16/01/2020

DSS specific attributes +

National Bowel Cancer Screening Program NBEDS 2020–21 Health, Standard 16/01/2020

DSS specific attributes +

Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) (2011 Census, ASGS 2016) cluster Early Childhood, Superseded 24/07/2018

Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) (2016 Census, ASGS 2016) cluster Health, Standard 06/09/2018
Early Childhood, Standard 24/07/2018

Statistical Area Level 1 of usual residence National Best Endeavours Data Set 2017-18 Health, Superseded 25/01/2018

DSS specific attributes +

Statistical Area Level 1 of usual residence NBEDS 2018-19 Health, Superseded 17/10/2018

DSS specific attributes +

Statistical Area Level 1 of usual residence NBEDS 2019-20 Health, Superseded 18/12/2019

DSS specific attributes +

Statistical Area Level 1 of usual residence NBEDS 2020–21 Health, Standard 18/12/2019

DSS specific attributes +
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