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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2018

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 08–Major causes of death, 2018
METeOR identifier:Help on this term658519
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 30/01/2018
Description:Help on this term

Age-standardised mortality rate by major cause of death, and rate ratios for Indigenous people and people living in remote or low socioeconomic areas.

Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2018) Health, Standard 30/01/2018
Outcome area:Help on this termPrevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2018 QS Health, Standard 30/01/2018

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:Help on this term

For tables disaggregated by Indigenous status:

Selected International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) chapters for underlying causes of death plus major cause of Kidney diseases:

  • Circulatory diseases (I00–I99)
  • Neoplasms (cancer) (C00–D48)
  • External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01–Y98)
  • Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic disorders (E00–E90)
  • Respiratory diseases (J00–J99)
  • Digestive diseases (K00–K93)
  • Kidney diseases (N00–N29)
  • Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00–P96)
  • Infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
  • Nervous system diseases (G00–G99)
  • Other causes
  • All causes

For disaggregations by all persons:

Each International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) chapter for underlying cause of death:

  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
  • Neoplasms (cancer) (C00–D48)
  • Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (D50–D89)
  • Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic disorders (E00–E90)
  • Mental and behavioural disorders (F00–F99)
  • Nervous system diseases (G00–G99)
  • Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00–H59)
  • Diseases of the ear and mastoid process (H60–H95)
  • Circulatory diseases (I00–I99)
  • Respiratory diseases (J00–J99)
  • Digestive diseases (K00–K93)
  • Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00–L99)
  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00–M99)
  • Kidney diseases (N00–N29)
  • Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00–O99)
  • Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00–P96)
  • Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00–Q99)
  • Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00–R99)
  • External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01–Y98)
  • All causes

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.

Presented per 100,000 population.

Computation:Help on this term

100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

Age-standardised rate:

 

Where wi = the proportion of the standard population in age group i

di = the number of deaths in age group i

ni = the number of people in the population in age group i

Numerator:Help on this term

Number of deaths

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2nd edn) ANN-ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Denominator:Help on this term

Total population

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—estimated resident population of Australia


Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (2011 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based data plus administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—estimated resident population of Australia


Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2011 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based data plus administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data Set
Disaggregation:Help on this term

2013, 2014, 2015 (updated for revision to Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) causes of death data), 2016—State and territory (total deaths—all causes only).

2013, 2014, 2015 (updated for revision to ABS causes of death data), 2016—State and territory, by ICD-10 chapter for underlying cause of death (and total).

2012–2016—State and territory, by major cause of death by Indigenous status.

2016—Nationally, by remoteness (total deaths—all causes only) (not reported).

Some disaggregation may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Northern Territory.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2011) N(9)
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Used for disaggregation by state/territory and remoteness


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person–underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10)


Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2018 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting:

  • 2017 (total deaths)
  • 2016 (cause of death)
  • Aggregated data 2012–2016 (Indigenous status)

Cause of death data are final (2013), revised (2014) and preliminary (2015, 2016).

A number of updates to the ICD-10 were applied to the 2013 causes of death data. Details of the impact of these changes on the mortality data are described in ABS Implementation of the Iris Software: Understanding Coding and Process Improvements.

2012 data are coded using ICD-10 (2006 version). 2013 data are coded using ICD-10 (2013 version). 2014, 2015 and 2016 data are coded using ICD-10 (2015 version).

Single year data will be reported for time series analysis.

Denominators used in the calculation of rates for the Indigenous population are ABS estimates (Series B, 2011 Census-based). Non-Indigenous estimates are only available for Census years; in the intervening years the population is calculated by subtracting the estimated Indigenous population from the total population Estimated Resident Population (ERP).

A system error affected the reporting of Western Australia (WA) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 Council of Australian Governments' (COAG) Reform Council (CRC) reports. These data were revised for 2013 reporting.

Indigenous and non-Indigenous analysis excludes records where Indigenous status was 'not stated'.

Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5-year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period. For rate calculations, the average of the numerator is divided by the mid-point ERP for the time period.

Data by remoteness and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Further details (including historical data) are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.22 and 1.23).

http://www.dpmc.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-performance-framework-2014-report

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this term

N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (2011 Census-based)
Frequency
Quarterly
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2011 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

National Healthcare Agreement

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Further data development / collection required:Help on this term

Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06–Life expectancy, 2018 Health, Standard 30/01/2018

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2018 Health, Standard 30/01/2018

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2017 Health, Superseded 30/01/2018

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2018 Health, Standard 30/01/2018

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