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Psychological distress cluster

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termData Set Specification
METeOR identifier:Help on this term634099
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 28/04/2016
DSS type:Help on this termData Element Cluster
Scope:Help on this term

The Psychological distress cluster defines the level of current anxiety and depressive symptoms a person may have experienced in the four weeks prior to interview.

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

The Psychological distress cluster records the score on the Kessler-10 (K-10), which is a standardised measure of non-specific psychological distress. The K-10 is based on questions about the level of nervousness, agitation, psychological fatigue and depression during four weeks prior to interview. It is designed to discriminate between those people who have a serious mental illness and those who do not.

The Psychological distress cluster consists of three data elements, that in combination provide a score on the Kessler-10.

A person is asked 'In the past four weeks, how often did you feel ....?' for the following symptoms:

1    Tired out for no good reason

2    Nervous

3    So nervous that nothing could calm you down

4    Hopeless

5    Restless or fidgety

6    So restless that you could not sit still

7    Depressed

8    Like everything was an effort

9    So sad that nothing could cheer you up

10  Worthless.

At the end of this question present the response options:

1    None of the time

2    A little of the time

3    Some of the time

4    Most of the time

5    All of the time

Only one option may be selected for each question.

Add the combined codes to create an overall numeric value of the level of psychological distress:

-Low: as indicated by a score of 10-19

-Mild: as indicated by a score of 20-24

-Moderate: as indicated by a score of 25-29

-Severe: as indicated by a score of 30-50


Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Relational attributes

Implementation in Data Set Specifications:Help on this term

Prison dischargee NBEDS Health, Standard 28/04/2016

Parent DSS specific attributes +

Prison entrants NBEDS Health, Standard 28/04/2016

Metadata items in this Data Set SpecificationHelp on this term

Seq No.Help on this termMetadata itemHelp on this term ObligationHelp on this term Max occursHelp on this term
1Person—type of psychological distress, code N[N]Mandatory10
2Person—frequency of symptoms, code NMandatory1
3Person—level of psychological distress, K-10 score of psychological distress code NMandatory1
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