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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2017

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2017
METeOR identifier:Help on this term630004
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Superseded 30/01/2018
Description:Help on this term

Mortality rates for infants and children aged less than 5 years.

Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2017) Health, Superseded 30/01/2018
Outcome area:Help on this termPrevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2017 QS Health, Standard 31/01/2017

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age from:Help on this term

This indicator uses a number of different population group age lower bounds:

  • For infants: Less than 1 year of age
  • For children aged 0-4 years: Less than 5 years of age
Population group age to:Help on this term

This indicator uses a number of different population group age upper bounds:

  • For infants: Less than 1 year of age
  • For children aged 0-4 years: Less than 5 years of age
Computation:Help on this term

Infants (<1 year old): 1,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
Children (0–4 year olds): 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Calculated separately for each of the two age groups, and for all Australians, Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates and aggregate rates by state/territory using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

CI (CR) = CR ± 1.96 x (CR/√d)

Where d = number of deaths

         CI = confidence interval

         CR = crude rate

Presented as:

  • number of deaths per 1,000 live births (infant)
  • number of deaths per 100,000 population (child).

Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Infant mortality rates: The rates for a single year use single year infant deaths for the numerator, and the number of single year live births for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator, and the number of single year live births in the midpoint year of the 5 years for the denominator.

Child mortality rates: The rates for a single year use single year data for the numerator, and the average of 3 years (with the reference year as the middle year) for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator and denominator.

Numerator:Help on this term

• Number of deaths among infants (aged < 1 year).
• Number of deaths among children aged 0–4 years.

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Denominator:Help on this term

• Number of live births; and
• Population aged 0–4 years.

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetBirth—birth status, code N
Data Source
ABS birth registration data
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Used as the main component of the denominator for the infant mortality rate. Include live births only, i.e. value = 1.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—estimated resident population of Australia


Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (2011 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Used for the denominator for the mortality rate for children aged 1–4 years, and as a component of the denominator for the mortality rate for children aged 0–4 years.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—estimated resident population of Australia


Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2011 Census-based)
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Used for the denominator for the mortality rate for Indigenous children aged 1–4 years, and as a component of the denominator for the mortality rate for Indigenous children aged 0–4 years.


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—estimated resident population of Australia


Data Source
ABS Census of Population and Housing Post-Enumeration Survey
Guide for use

Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data


Disaggregation:Help on this term

2013–15—State and territory.

2011–15—State and territory, by Indigenous status.

2015—Nationally, infant.

2015—Nationally, 0–4 years (not reported).

2015—Nationally, by Indigenous status (not reported).

2014—Nationally, by remoteness (0-4 years only) (Major Cities, Inner and Outer Regional combined, Remote and Very remote combined) (not reported).

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—NSW, Qld, WA, SA and NT.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2011) N(9)
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data

Used for disaggregation by state/territory and remoteness


Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use

Data source type: Administrative by-product data


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2017 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting: 2015.

Because of small numbers of deaths each year data are presented in 3-year (total population) or 5-year (Indigenous population) groupings (state and territory only).

Single year data will be reported for time series analysis (national level only).

A system error affected the reporting of WA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 CRC reports. These data have been revised for 2013 reporting.

Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Further details are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.20).

http://www.dpmc.gov.au/indigenous-affairs/publication/aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-performance-framework-2014-report

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termLife event (e.g. birth, death)
Format:Help on this term

N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Effectiveness

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Death Registrations Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS birth registration data
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (2011 Census-based)
Frequency
Quarterly
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2011 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Census of Population and Housing Post-Enumeration Survey
Frequency
Every 5 years
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

National Healthcare Agreement

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Benchmark:Help on this term

PB b-Halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2017

NPA on Closing the Gap in Indigenous Health Outcomes
Halve the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under five within a decade.

Further data development / collection required:Help on this term

Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB b–Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2017 Health, Superseded 30/01/2018

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 01–Proportion of babies born of low birth weight, 2017 Health, Superseded 30/01/2018

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06–Life expectancy, 2017 Health, Superseded 30/01/2018

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2016 Health, Superseded 31/01/2017

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2017 Health, Superseded 30/01/2018

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2017 Health, Superseded 30/01/2018

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