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Acute coronary syndrome (Acute coronary syndromes clinical care standard​)

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termGlossary Item
METeOR identifier:Help on this term628778
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 12/09/2016
Definition:Help on this term

For the purposes of the Acute coronary syndromes clinical care standard (ACSQHC 2014), an acute coronary syndrome results from a sudden blockage of a blood vessel in the heart, typically by a blood clot (thrombosis) that reduces blood supply to a portion of heart muscle. Where the blockage is severe enough to lead to injury or death of the heart muscle, the event is called an acute myocardial infarction (or ‘heart attack’). Depending on the duration of the ischaemia and the extent of damage to the heart muscle, the myocardial infarction can be:

Acute coronary syndromes also include unstable angina (chest pain usually due to restricted blood flow to the heart muscles), which can lead to a heart attack. The most common cause of an acute coronary syndrome is atherosclerosis (or ‘coronary heart disease’) where an artery wall thickens due to a build-up of fatty materials such as cholesterol.

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

For the purposes of the Clinical care standard indicators: acute coronary syndromes, it includes patients where:

.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care

Reference documents:Help on this term

ACSQHC (Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care) 2014. Acute coronary syndromes clinical care standard. Sydney: ACSQHC.

Relational attributes

Metadata items which use this glossary item:Help on this term

Acute coronary syndromes: 1a-Patients whose care is guided by a documented chest pain assessment pathway Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Acute coronary syndromes: 2c-ECG performed within 10 minutes of arrival to the emergency department Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Acute coronary syndromes: 6a-ACS patients with an individualised care plan Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Acute coronary syndromes: 6b-Patients discharged on aspirin or dual antiplatelet therapy Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Acute coronary syndromes: 6c-Patients discharged on lipid-lowering therapy Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Acute coronary syndromes: 6d-Patients referred to cardiac rehabilitation or other secondary prevention program Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Acute coronary syndromes: 6e-Discharge summary provided to general practitioner or ongoing clinical provider within 48 hours of separation from hospital Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Clinical care standard indicators: acute coronary syndromes Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Early assessment Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Individualised care plan Health, Standard 12/09/2016

Non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) (Acute coronary syndromes clinical care standard) Health, Standard 12/09/2016

ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (Acute coronary syndromes clinical care standard) Health, Standard 12/09/2016

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