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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2016

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 03–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2016
METeOR identifier:Help on this term598843
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Superseded 31/01/2017
Description:Help on this term

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults and children.

Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2016) Health, Superseded 31/01/2017
Outcome area:Help on this termPrevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:Help on this term

Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated as weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of height (in metres).

For adults, obesity is defined as a BMI of greater than or equal to 30.00 and overweight is defined as a BMI of 25.00–29.99.

For children, obesity is defined as a BMI (appropriate for age and sex) that is likely to be 30.00 or more at age 18 years, and overweight is defined as a BMI (appropriate for age and sex) that is likely to be 25.00–29.99 at age 18 years, based on centile curves. See Australian Health Survey: Users' Guide, 2011-13 (ABS Catalogue no. 4363.0.55.001) for BMI values.

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Excludes pregnant women where identified and people with an unknown BMI.

Analysis by remoteness and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage (IRSD) is based on usual residence of person.

Presented as a percentage.

95% confidence intervals and relative standard errors calculated for rates.

Computation:Help on this term

100 × (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Calculated separately for adults and children.

Numerator:Help on this term

Adults: Number of persons aged 18 years or over who are obese or overweight.

Children: Number of persons aged 5–17 years who are obese or overweight.

Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Adult—Body Mass Index


Data Source
ABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Child—Body Mass Index


Data Source
ABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Adult—Body Mass Index


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Child—Body Mass Index


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Denominator:Help on this term

Adults: Population aged 18 years or over

Children: Population aged 5–17 years

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Disaggregation:Help on this term

For each of adults and children, state and territory, by:

  • sex by age (adults only)
  • Indigenous status
  • remoteness (Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) Remoteness Structure)
  • 2011 Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage (IRSD) quintiles
  • BMI category (underweight, normal, overweight, obese)
  • disability status

For adults, nationally, by:

  • sex by remoteness (ASGS Remoteness Structure)
  • 2011 SEIFA IRSD deciles
  • remoteness (ASGS Remoteness Structure) by 2011 SEIFA IRSD deciles.

Some disaggregation may result in numbers too small for publication.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—area of usual residence


Data Source
ABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey
Used for disaggregation by state/territory, remoteness and SEIFA of residence


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—sex


Data Source
ABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—area of usual residence


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey
Used for disaggregation by state/territory, remoteness and SEIFA of residence


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—age


Data Source
ABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—Indigenous status


Data Source
ABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Data Element / Data SetData Element

Person—disability status


Data Source
ABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Guide for use

Data source type: Survey


Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2016 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting: 2011–12 (total population, non-Indigenous: AHS); 2012–13 (Indigenous only: AATSIHS).

NO NEW DATA FOR 2016 REPORTING.

2011–13 data are based on measured height and weight. BMI derived from measured height and weight is preferable to that derived from self-reported height and weight.

2004–05 data are based on self-reported height and weight and are not comparable to 2011–13 data.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termPercentage
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this term

N[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termHealth behaviours

Bio-medical factors

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Australian Health Survey (AHS), 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component)
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (AATSIHS), 2012-13 (Core component)
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this term

National Healthcare Agreement

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this term

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Benchmark:Help on this term

PB d-By 2018, increase by five percentage points the proportion of Australian adults and children at a healthy body weight, over the 2009 baseline (Baseline specification), 2016

Further data development / collection required:Help on this term

Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB d–Better health: by 2018, increase by five percentage points the proportion of Australian adults and children at a healthy body weight, over the 2009 baseline, 2016 Health, Superseded 31/01/2017

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03-Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2017 Health, Superseded 30/01/2018

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 04–Rates of current daily smokers, 2016 Health, Superseded 31/01/2017

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 05–Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2016 Health, Superseded 31/01/2017

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2016 Health, Superseded 31/01/2017

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