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National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 11-Percentage of students at or above the national minimum standard in reading, writing and numeracy for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9, 2015

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termPI 11-Percentage of students at or above the national minimum standard in reading, writing and numeracy for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9, 2015
METeOR identifier:Help on this term579087
Registration status:Help on this termIndigenous, Archived 18/11/2015
Description:Help on this term

There are two measures for this indicator:

a) Proportion of students who achieved at or above the national minimum standard, by Indigenous status (for reading, writing and numeracy, in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9).

b) (PI 11 sub-measure 1) Proportion of students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 who participated (includes all assessed and exempt students) in national testing, by Indigenous status.

Rationale:Help on this termEarly educational experiences are important as they influence future academic performance. Students who do not attain the national reading, writing and numeracy benchmark standards are less likely to progress from Year 9 to Year 12 or equivalent attainment, to enter higher education and have lower employment prospects. Indigenous students have lower literacy and numeracy attainment than non-Indigenous students. This is a key indicator in measuring the Closing the Gap Target of Halving the gap for Indigenous students in reading, writing and numeracy within a decade.
Indicator set:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement (2015) Indigenous, Archived 18/11/2015
Outcome area:Help on this termIndigenous students meet basic literacy and numeracy standards and overall levels of literacy and numeracy are improving Indigenous, Endorsed 21/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 11—Percentage of students at or above the national minimum standard in reading, writing and numeracy for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9, 2015, Quality Statement Indigenous, Archived 07/02/2017

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:Help on this term

a) There is no discrete numerator and denominator for this measure. See National Assessment Program - Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) reports for more detail.

NAPLAN reports the percentage of students who achieved at or above the national minimum standard. The complex process by which student scores are arrived at and distributed across the national achievement bands (using the Rasch model, a recognised analysis model for educational measurement) are agreed by states, territories and the Commonwealth and endorsed by the then NAPLAN Expert Advisory Group. Due to the complexities of the methodology, it is not possible (with the data currently provided) to give a simple computation of the precise number of students at or above the national minimum standard, which is best reported in the bands designed for that purpose.

b) (PI 11 submeasure 1)

Presentation: Per 100 (Percentage).

Proportion of exempt, absent and withdrawn students are to be reported as separate categories.

Computation:Help on this term

a) Proportions are calculated using an interpolation process. They are not simply the numerator ÷ denominator as the computation is more complex than this. See NAPLAN reports for more detail.

b) (PI 11 submeasure 1) 100 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator).

Numerator:Help on this termb) (PI 11 submeasure 1) Number of students (assessed and exempt) in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 who participated in NAPLAN reading, writing and numeracy tests.
Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element
School year level
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
National standard achievement status for reading
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
National standard achievement status for writing
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
National standard achievement status for numeracy
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Participation in NAPLAN reading test
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Participation in NAPLAN writing test
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Participation in NAPLAN numeracy test
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Number of students assessed
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Number of exempt students
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Denominator:Help on this term

For b) (PI 11 submeasure 1) only:

Total number of students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 (including absent and withdrawn).

Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element
School year level
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Disaggregation:Help on this term

a) and b) For each Year level (Years 3, 5, 7 and 9— reported individually) by learning domain (reading, writing and numeracy— reported individually):

National and state/territory by Indigenous status, by geo-location.

b) (PI 11 submeasure 1)

Data also reported on the proportion of students exempt, absent and withdrawn, by Indigenous status, by state/territory.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element
MCEECDYA geographical location classification
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—Indigenous status
Data Source
NAPLAN Report
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2015 report is 2014.

Geo-location is determined based on the Ministerial Council for Education, Early Childhood Development and Youth Affairs (MCEECDYA) geographical location classification.

Under new reporting arrangements yet to be determined, the body assessing progress over time may separately request significance testing directly from the data provider for its reports.

a) Disaggregation by geo-location was reported for Indigenous students and all students in the 2008-09 baseline CRC report.

Disaggregations for non-Indigenous students were reported for 2008, 2009 and 2010 in the 2009-10 and 2010-11 CRC reports (with additional material provided in the CRC’s addendum to the NIRA report).

b) (PI submeasure 1)

For the baseline report (2008-09), participation rates were not available by geo-location for Indigenous and non-Indigenous students – only for Indigenous and all students. For the 2009-10 report (released in 2011) onwards, data are available which allows reporting of participation for Indigenous and non-Indigenous students by geo-location.

Participation rates disaggregated by state/territory were reported for Indigenous students and all students in the (2008-09) baseline CRC report. Rates for non-Indigenous students are reported in the 2009-10 report onwards.

Exempt, absent and withdrawn students are reported separately in the 2010-11 report onwards.

Baseline year for NIRA target (Halve the gap in reading, writing and numeracy within a decade) is 2008; baseline year for this indicator is 2008; target year is 2018.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termPercentage
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this termNN[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termSocioeconomic Factors

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceNAPLAN Report
Frequency
Annual

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement
Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this termAustralian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA)
Further data development / collection required:Help on this termSpecification: Long-term.

Source and reference attributes

Steward:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement Performance Information Management Group

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 11-Percentage of students at or above the national minimum standard in reading, writing and numeracy for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9, 2014 Indigenous, Archived 24/11/2014

Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 11—Percentage of students at or above the national minimum standard in reading, writing and numeracy for Years 3, 5, 7 and 9, 2016 Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2016

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