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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2015

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2015
METeOR identifier:Help on this term559054
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Superseded 08/07/2016
Description:Help on this termMortality rates for infants and children aged less than 5 years.
Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2015) Health, Superseded 08/07/2016
Outcome area:Help on this termPrevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2015 QS Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age from:Help on this termThis indicator uses a number of different population group age lower bounds:
  • For infants: Less than 1 year of age
  • For children aged 1-4 years: 1 year of age
  • For children aged 0-4 years: Less than 1 year of age
  • Population group age to:Help on this termThis indicator uses a number of different population group age upper bounds:
  • For infants: Less than 1 year of age
  • For children aged 1-4 years: Less than 5 years of age
  • For children aged 0-4 years: Less than 5 years of age
  • Computation:Help on this term

    Infants (<1 year old): 1,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
    Children (0–4 year olds): 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

    Calculated separately for each of the two age groups, and for all Australians, Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

    Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates and aggregate rates by state/territory using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

    CI (CR) = CR ± 1.96 x (CR/√d)

    Where d = number of deaths

             CI = confidence interval

             CR = crude rate

    Presented as:

    • number of deaths per 1,000 live births (infant)
    • number of deaths per 100,000 population (child).

    Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. The rates for a single year use single year data for the numerator, and the average of three years (with the reference year as the middle year) for the denominator. The rates for 5 years of data combined use the average of 5 years data for the numerator and denominator.

    Numerator:Help on this term

    • Number of deaths among infants (aged < 1 year).
    • Number of deaths among children aged 0–4 years.

    Numerator data elements:Help on this term
    Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
    Data Source
    ABS Death Registrations Collection
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Administrative by-product data
    Denominator:Help on this term

    • Number of live births; and
    • Population aged 0–4 years.

    Denominator data elements:Help on this term
    Data Element / Data SetBirth—birth status, code N
    Data Source
    ABS birth registration data
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Administrative by-product data
    Used as the main component of the denominator for the infant mortality rate. Include live births only, i.e. value = 1.
    Data Element / Data SetData Element
    Person—estimated resident population of Australia
    Data Source
    ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
    Used for the denominator for the mortality rate for children aged 1-4 years, and as a component of the denominator for the mortality rate for children aged 0-4 years.
    Data Element / Data SetData Element
    Person—estimated resident population of Australia
    Data Source
    ABS Indigenous estimates and projections
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
    Used for the denominator for the mortality rate for Indigenous children aged 1-4 years, and as a component of the denominator for the mortality rate for Indigenous children aged 0-4 years.
    Data Element / Data SetData Element
    Person—estimated resident population of Australia
    Data Source
    ABS Census of Population and Housing Post-Enumeration Survey
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
    Disaggregation:Help on this term

    2011–13—State and territory.

    2009–13—State and territory, by Indigenous status.

    2013—Nationally.

    2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 (resupplied for children aged 0-4 years for updated Indigenous Estimated Resident Population), 2013—Nationally, by Indigenous status.

    2012—Nationally, by remoteness (0-4 years only) (Major Cities, Inner and Outer Regional combined, Remote and Very remote combined).

    Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable - NSW, Qld, WA, SA and NT.

    Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
    Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2011) N(9)
    Data Source
    ABS Death Registrations Collection
    Guide for use

    Data source type: Administrative by-product data

    Used for disaggregation by state/territory and remoteness
    Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
    Data Source
    ABS Death Registrations Collection
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Administrative by-product data
    Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
    Data Source
    ABS Death Registrations Collection
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Administrative by-product data
    Comments:Help on this term

    Most recent data available for 2015 National Healthcare Agreement (NHA) performance reporting:

    • 2013 (released Nov 2014)
    • 2011-13 (Total population)
    • 2009–2013 (Indigenous status).

    Because of small numbers of deaths each year data are presented in 3 (total population) or 5-year (Indigenous population) groupings (state and territory only).

    Single year data will be reported for time series analysis (national level only). 

    A system error affected the reporting of WA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 CRC reports. These data have been revised for 2013 reporting.

    Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

    Further details (including historical data) are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.20).

    http://www.health.gov.au/indigenous-hpf

    Representational attributes

    Representation class:Help on this termRate
    Data type:Help on this termReal
    Unit of measure:Help on this termLife event (e.g. birth, death)
    Format:Help on this termN[NN].N

    Indicator conceptual framework

    Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

    Effectiveness

    Data source attributes

    Data sources:Help on this term
    Data SourceABS Death Registrations Collection
    Frequency
    Annual
    Data custodian

    Australian Bureau of Statistics



    Data SourceABS birth registration data
    Frequency
    Annual
    Data custodian

    Australian Bureau of Statistics



    Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
    Frequency
    Quarterly
    Quality statement
    ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
    Data custodian
    Australian Bureau of Statistics

    Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections
    Data custodian

    Australian Bureau of Statistics



    Data SourceABS Census of Population and Housing Post-Enumeration Survey
    Frequency
    Every 5 years
    Data custodian
    Australian Bureau of Statistics

    Accountability attributes

    Reporting requirements:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement
    Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this termAustralian Bureau of Statistics
    Benchmark:Help on this term

    National Healthcare Agreement: PB b-Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2015

    NPA on Closing the Gap in Indigenous Health Outcomes
    Halve the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under five within a decade.

    Further data development / collection required:Help on this termSpecification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

    Relational attributes

    Related metadata references:Help on this term

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB b-Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 01-Proportion of babies born of low birth weight, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06-Life expectancy, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

    Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

    Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2016 Health, Superseded 31/01/2017

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

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