National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2015

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Indicator
Indicator type:Progress measure
Short name:PI 08-Major causes of death, 2015
METeOR identifier:559052
Registration status:Health, Superseded 08/07/2016
Description:Age-standardised mortality rate by major cause of death, and rate ratios for Indigenous people and people living in remote or low socioeconomic areas.
Indicator set:National Healthcare Agreement (2015) Health, Superseded 08/07/2016
Outcome area:Prevention Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Quality statement:National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2015 QS Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:

For tables disaggregated by Indigenous status:

Selected International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) chapters for underlying causes of death plus major cause of Kidney diseases:

  • Circulatory diseases (I00-I99) 
  • Neoplasms (cancer) (C00-D48) 
  • External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01-Y98) 
  • Endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders (E00-E90) 
  • Respiratory diseases (J00-J99) 
  • Digestive diseases (K00-K93) 
  • Kidney diseases (N00-N29) 
  • Conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P96)
  • Infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99) 
  • Nervous system diseases (G00-G99) 
  • Other causes 
  • All causes

For disaggregations by all persons:

Each International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) chapter for underlying cause of death: 

  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
  • Neoplasms (cancer) (C00-D48)
  • Diseases of the blood and blodd-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (D50-D89)
  • Endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders (E00-E90)
  • Mental and behavioural disorders (F00-F99)
  • Nervous system diseases (G00-G99)
  • Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59)
  • Diseases of the ear and mastoid process (H60-H95)
  • Circulatory diseases (I00-I99)
  • Respiratory diseases (J00-J99)
  • Digestive diseases (K00-K93)
  • Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00-L99)
  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00-M99)
  • Kidney diseases (N00-N29)
  • Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O99)
  • Conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P96)
  • Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
  • Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R99)
  • External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01-Y98)
  • All cases 

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.

Presented per 100,000 population.

Computation:

100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

Age-standardised rate:

ASR Formula

Where wi = the proportion of the standard population in age group i

di = the number of deaths in age group i

ni = the number of people in the population in age group i

Numerator:Number of deaths
Numerator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2nd edn) ANN-ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Denominator:Total population
Denominator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—estimated resident population of Australia
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based data plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—estimated resident population of Australia
Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based data plus administrative by-product data
Disaggregation:

2010, 2011, 2012 (updated for revision to ABS causes of death data), 2013— State and territory (total deaths - all causes only).

2010, 2011 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data), 2012 — State and territory, by ICD-10 chapter for underlying cause of death (and total).

2003-07, 2004-08, 2005-09, 2006-10, 2007-11 (resupplied for updated Indigenous Estimated Resident Population), 2008-12—State and territory, by major cause of death by Indigenous status.

2012 — Nationally, by remoteness (total deaths - all causes only).

Some disaggregation may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—NSW, Qld, SA, WA and NT.

Disaggregation data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2011) N(9)
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Used for disaggregation by state/territory and remoteness
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person-underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10)
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Comments:

Most recent data available for 2015 National Healthcare Agreement (NHA) performance reporting:

  • 2013 (total deaths)
  • 2012 (cause of death)
  • Aggregated data 2008-2012 (Indigenous status)

Cause of death data are final (2010), revised (2011) and preliminary (2012).

Single year data will be reported for time series analysis.

Denominators used in the calculation of rates for the Indigenous population are ABS estimates (Series B, 2011 Census-based). Non-Indigenous estimates are only available for Census years; in the intervening years the population is calculated by subtracting the estimated Indigenous population from the total population ERP.

A system error affected the reporting of WA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 CRC reports. These data were revised for 2013 reporting.

Indigenous and non-Indigenous analysis excludes records where Indigenous status was 'not stated'.

Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period. For rate calculations, the average of the numerator is divided by the mid-point ERP for the time period.

Data by remoteness and SEIFA Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage (IRSD) may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Further details (including historical data) are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.22 and 1.23).

http://www.health.gov.au/indigenous-hpf

Representational attributes

Representation class:Rate
Data type:Real
Unit of measure:Person
Format:N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Deaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:National Healthcare Agreement
Organisation responsible for providing data:Australian Bureau of Statistics
Further data development / collection required:Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06-Life expectancy, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2016 Health, Superseded 31/01/2017

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016