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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2015

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2015
METeOR identifier:Help on this term559036
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Superseded 08/07/2016
Description:Help on this termDeaths from conditions that are potentially preventable through individualised care and/or treatable through existing primary or hospital care.
Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2015) Health, Superseded 08/07/2016
Outcome area:Help on this termPrimary and Community Health Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2015 QS Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age to:Help on this term74 years
Computation description:Help on this term

Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes in scope are as specified below:

Table 1: Potentially avoidable deaths International Classification of Disease (ICD-10) Codes
Cause of death groups ICD-10 Codes Limits (age, sex)
Infections
Selected invasive infections A38–A41, A46, A48.1, G00, G03, J02.0, J13–J16, J18, L03
Viral pneumonia and influenza J10–J12
HIV/AIDS B20–B24
Cancer
Colorectal C18–C21
Skin C43, C44
Breast C50 Female
Cervix C53
Prostate C61
Kidney C64
Thyroid C73
Hodgkin's disease C81
Acute lymphoid leukaemia/Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia C91.0 0-44 years
Diabetes E10–E14
Diseases of the circulatory system
Rheumatic and other valvular heart disease I00–I09, I33–I37
Hypertensive heart and renal disease I10–I13
Ischaemic heart disease I20–I25
Cerebrovascular diseases I60–I69
Heart failure I50, I51.1, I51.2, I51.4, I51.5
Pulmonary embolism I26
Diseases of the genitourinary system
Renal failure N17–N19
Diseases of the respiratory system
COPD J40–J44
Asthma J45, J46
Diseases of the digestive system
Pepticulcer disease K25–K27
Maternal & infant causes
Complications of the perinatal period P00–P96
Other conditions
Complications of pregnancy, labour or the puerperium O00–O99
Selected external causes of morbidity and mortality
Falls W00–W19
Fires, burns X00–X09
Suicide and self-inflicted injuries X60–X84, Y87.0
Misadventures to patients during surgical and medical care Y60–Y69
Medical devices associated with adverse incidents in diagnostic and therapeutic use Y70–Y82
Surgical and other medical procedures as the cause of abnormal reaction of the patient, or of later complication, without mention of misadventure at the time of the procedure Y83, Y84
Other external causes of morbidity and mortality
Transport accidents V01–V99
Exposure to inanimate mechanical forces W20–W49
Exposure to animate mechanical forces W50–W64
Accidental drowning and submersion W65–W74
Other accidental threats to breathing W75–W84
Exposure to electric current, radiation and extreme ambient air temperature and pressure W85–W99
Contact with heat and hot substances X10–X19
Contact with venomous animals and plants X20–X29
Exposure to forces of nature X30–X39
Accidental poisoning by and exposure to noxious substances X40–X49
Overexertion, travel and privation X50–X57
Accidental exposure to other and unspecified factors X58,X59
Assault X85–Y09
Event of undetermined intent Y10–Y34
Legal interventions and operations of war Y35, Y36
Drugs, medicaments and biological substances causing adverse effects in therapeutic use Y40–Y59
Sequelae of external causes of morbidity and mortality Y85, Y86, Y87.1–Y89

 

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.

Presented per 100,000 population.

Computation:Help on this term

Number

100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

Age-standardised rate

Formula for  Age-standardised rates

Where wi= the proportion of the standard population in age group i 

di=the number of deaths in age group i

ni=the number of people in the population in age group i

Numerator:Help on this termNumber of deaths of persons aged less than 75 categorised as potentially avoidable
Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10) ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—age
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Denominator:Help on this termPopulation aged less than 75 years
Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—estimated resident population of Australia
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—estimated resident population of Australia
Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Disaggregation:Help on this term

2007, 2008, 2009 (resupplied for revised specification), 2010, 2011 (resupplied for updated specification and revision to ABS cause of death data), 2012—State and territory.

2007, 2008, 2009 (resupplied for revised specification and updated Indigenous Estimated Resident Population (ERP)), 2010, 2011 (updated for revised specification, updated Indigenous ERP and revision to ABS cause of death data), 2011—Nationally, by Indigenous status.

2003-2007, 2004-2008, 2005-2009 (updated for revised specification and updated Indigenous ERP), 2006-2010, 2007-2011 (updated for revised specification, updated Indigenous ERP and revision to ABS cause of death data), 2008-2012—State and territory, by Indigenous status.

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—NSW, Qld, SA, WA, NT.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2011) N(9)
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Used for disaggregation by state/territory
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10) ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2015 National Healthcare Agreement (NHA) performance reporting:

  • 2012 (Total population and Indigenous status at national level)
  • Aggregated data 2008–2012 (Indigenous status)

Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported for state and territory disaggregations.

ERP for total population is sourced from ERP rebased after the 2011 Census.  ERP for Indigenous data is sourced from 2011 based ERP.

Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this termNN[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous estimates and projections
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics


Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement
Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this termAustralian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).
Further data development / collection required:Help on this termSpecification: Minor work required, the measure needs minor work to meet the intention of the indicator.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03-Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 04-Rates of current daily smokers, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 05-Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06-Life expectancy, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2016 Health, Superseded 31/01/2017

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 18-Selected potentially preventable hospitalisations, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 23-Unplanned hospital readmission rates, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

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