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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2014

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2014
METeOR identifier:Help on this term517652
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Superseded 14/01/2015
Description:Help on this termDeaths that are potentially avoidable within the present health system:
• potentially preventable deaths are those amenable to screening and primary prevention, such as immunisation
• deaths from potentially treatable conditions are those amenable to therapeutic interventions
Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2014) Health, Superseded 14/01/2015
Outcome area:Help on this termPrimary and Community Health Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2014 QS Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age to:Help on this term74 years
Computation description:Help on this term

Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes in scope are as specified below:

Potentially avoidable deaths International Classification of Disease (ICD-10) Codes
Death group ICD-10 Codes Limits (age, sex) Treatable Preventable
Infections
Tuberculosis A15-A19, B90

X

Selected invasive bacterial and protozoal infections A38-A41, A46, A48.1, B50-B54, G00, G03, J02.0, J13-J15, J18, L03

X

Hepatitis B15-B19

X

HIV/AIDS B20-B24

X

Viral pneumonia and influenza J10, J12, J21

X

Enteritis and other diarrhoeal disease A00-A09

X

Childhood vaccine-preventable diseases A35-A37, A49.1, A49.2, A80, B01, B05-B06, J11

0-14

X

Sexually transmitted diseases, except HIV/AIDS A50-A64, M02.3, N34.1, N70-N73, N75.0, N75.1, N76.4, N76.6, O00

X

Ear infections - otitis media and mastoiditis H65-H70

X

Upper respiratory tract infection J00-J06, except for J02.0

X

Cancer
Lip, oral cavity and pharynx C00-C14

X

Oesophagus C15

X

Stomach C16

X

Colorectal C18-C21

X

Liver C22

X

Lung C33, C34

X

Melanoma of skin C43

X

Non-melanocytic skin C44

X

Breast C50 Female

X

Cervix C53

X

Uterus C54, C55

X

Bladder C67

X

Thyroid C73

X

Hodgkin's disease C81

X

Lymphoid leukaemia - acute/chronic C91.0, C91.1

X

Benign cancers D10-D36

X

Malignant neoplasm of testis C62

X

Malignant neoplam of eye and adnexa C69

X

Diabetes E10-E14

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Drug use disorders
Alcohol related disease F10, I42.6, K29.2, K70

X

Illicit drug use disorders F11-F16, F18, F19

X

Epilepsy G40, G41

X

Diseases of the circulatory system
Rheumatic and other valvular heart disease I01-I09

X

Hypertensive heart disease I11

X

Ischaemic heart disease I20-I25

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Cerebrovascular diseases I60-I69

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Aortic aneurysm I71

X

Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of other deep vessels of lower extremities I80.2

X

Pulmonary embolism I26

X

Disease of the genitourinary system
Nephritis and nephrosis I12, I13, N00-N07, N17-N19

X

Obstructive uropathy & prostatic hyperplasia N13, N20, N21, N35, N40

X

Diseases of the respiratory system
COPD J40-J44 45-74 years

X

Asthma J45, J46 0-44 years

X

Diseases of the digestive system
Peptic ulcer disease K25-K28

X

Diseases of appendix; hernia; disorders of gallbladder, biliary tract, and pancreas K35-K38, K40-K46, K80-K83, K85, K86

X

Chronic liver disease (excluding alcohol-related disease) K73, K74

X

Maternal & infant causes
Birth defects H31.1, P00, P04, Q00-Q99

X

Complications of perinatal period P03, P05-P95

X

Unintentional injruies
Road traffic injuries V01-V04, V06, V09-V80, V87, V89, V99

X

Falls W00-W19

X

Fires, burns X00-X09

X

Accidental poisonings X40-X49

X

Drownings W65-W74

X

War Y36

X

Intentional injuries
Suicide and self-inflicted injuries X60-X84, Y87.0, Y10-Y34

X

Violence X85-Y09, Y87.1

X

Other conditions
Nutritional deficieny anaemia D50-D53

X

Thyroid disorders E00-E07

X

Adrenal disorders E24, E27

X

Congenital metabolic disorders E25, E70.0, E74.2

X

Osteomyelitis and other osteopathies of bone M86, M89

X

Complications of pregnancy, labour or the puerperium O01-O99

X

Misadventures to patients during surgical and medical care Y60-Y69

X

Medical devices associated with adverse incidents in diagnostic & therapeutic use Y70-Y82

X

Surgical and other medical procedures as the cause of abnormal reaction of the patient, or of later complication, without mention of misadventure at the time of the procedure Y83-Y84

X

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.

Presented per 100,000 population.

Computation:Help on this term

Number

100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Calculated separately for ‘preventable’ and ‘treatable’ categories.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

Age-standardised rate

Formula for  Age-standardised rates

Where wi= the proportion of the standard population in age group i 

d=the number of deaths in age group i

n=the number of people in the population in age group i

Numerator:Help on this termNumber of deaths of persons aged less than 75 categorised as potentially avoidable
Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2nd edn) ANN-ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Denominator:Help on this termPopulation aged less than 75 years
Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Disaggregation:Help on this term

2007, 2008 (resupplied for updated Estimated Resident Population (ERP)), 2009, 2010 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data and updated ERP), 2011—State and territory, by preventable and treatable categories.

2009, 2010 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data), 2011—Nationally, by preventable and treatable categories:

  • Indigenous status

2007-2011—State and territory, by preventable and treatable categories, by:

  • Indigenous status

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—NSW, Qld, SA, WA, NT.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2011) N(9)
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Used for disaggregation by state/territory
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2014 Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Reform Council (CRC) report:

  • 2011 (Total population and Indigenous status at national level)
  • Aggregated data 2007–2011 (Indigenous status)

Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported for state and territory disaggregations.

ERP for total population is sourced from ERP rebased after the 2011 Census.  ERP for Indigenous data is sourced from 2006 based ERP.

A system error affected the reporting of WA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 CRC reports. These data were revised for 2013 reporting.

Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this termNN[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Quality statement
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections, QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement
Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this termAustralian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).
Further data development / collection required:Help on this termSpecification: Minor work required, the measure needs minor work to meet the intention of the indicator.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03-Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 04-Rates of current daily smokers, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 05-Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06-Life expectancy, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2015 Health, Superseded 08/07/2016

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 18-Selected potentially preventable hospitalisations, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 23-Unplanned hospital readmission rates, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

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