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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2013

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2013
METeOR identifier:Help on this term498177
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Superseded 30/04/2014
Description:Help on this termMortality rates for infants and children aged less than 5 years.
Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2013) Health, Superseded 30/04/2014
Outcome area:Help on this termPrimary and Community Health Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2013 QS Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age from:Help on this termThis indicator uses a number of different population group age lower bounds:
  • For infants: Less than 1 year of age
  • For children aged 1-4 years: 1 year of age
  • For children aged 0-4 years: Less than 1 year of age
  • Population group age to:Help on this termThis indicator uses a number of different population group age upper bounds:
  • For infants: Less than 1 year of age
  • For children aged 1-4 years: Less than 5 years of age
  • For children aged 0-4 years: Less than 5 years of age
  • Computation:Help on this term

    Infants (<1 year old): 1,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
    Children (0–4 year olds): 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

    Calculated separately for each of the two age groups, and for all Australians, Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

    Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates and aggregate rates by state/territory using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

    Crude rate

    The 95% Confidence Interval Formula

    Where d=the number of deaths in the relevant age-group.

    Presented as:

    • number of deaths per 1,000 live births (infant)
    • number of deaths per 100,000 population (child).

    Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for comparing Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

    Numerator:Help on this term

    • Number of deaths among infants (aged < 1 year).
    • Number of deaths among children aged 0–4 years.

    Numerator data elements:Help on this term
    Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
    Data Source
    ABS Death Registrations Collection
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Administrative by-product data
    Denominator:Help on this term

    • Number of live births; and
    • Population aged 0–4 years.

    Denominator data elements:Help on this term
    Data Element / Data SetBirth—birth status, code N
    Data Source
    ABS birth registration data
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Administrative by-product data
    Used as the main component of the denominator for the infant mortality rate. Include live births only, i.e. value = 1.
    Data Element / Data SetData Element
    Person—estimated resident population of Australia
    Data Source
    ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
    Used for the denominator for the mortality rate for children aged 1-4 years, and as a component of the denominator for the mortality rate for children aged 0-4 years.
    Data Element / Data SetData Element
    Person—estimated resident population of Australia
    Data Source
    ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
    Used for the denominator for the mortality rate for Indigenous children aged 1-4 years, and as a component of the denominator for the mortality rate for Indigenous children aged 0-4 years.
    Data Element / Data SetData Element
    Person—estimated resident population of Australia
    Data Source
    ABS Census of Population and Housing Post-Enumeration Survey
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
    Disaggregation:Help on this term

    2009-11 — State and territory.

    2007-11 — State and territory, by Indigenous status.

    2007, 2008, 2009 (resupplied for revision to ABS WA and national Indigenous deaths data), 2010 (supplied for Indigenous status), 2011 — Nationally, by Indigenous status.

    Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable - NSW, Qld, WA, SA and NT.

    Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
    Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2008) NNNNN
    Data Source
    ABS Death Registrations Collection
    Guide for use

    Data source type: Administrative by-product data

    Used for disaggregation by state/territory
    Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
    Data Source
    ABS Death Registrations Collection
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Administrative by-product data
    Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
    Data Source
    ABS Death Registrations Collection
    Guide for use
    Data source type: Administrative by-product data
    Comments:Help on this term

    Most recent data available for 2013 Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Reform Council (CRC) report:

    • 2011 (released Nov 2011)
    • 2009-11 (Total population)
    • 2007–2011 (Indigenous status).

    Because of small numbers of deaths each year data are presented in 3 (total population) or 5-year (Indigenous population) groupings (state and territory only).

    Single year data (2011) will be reported for time series analysis (national level only). 

    A system error affected the reporting of WA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 CRC reprots. These data have been revised for 2013 reporting.

    Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

    For further detailed analysis by Indigenous status see the National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA) report.

    Further details (including data for 2002–06) available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.19). <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/ihw/aatsihpf08r-da/atsihpf08r-c01-22.pdfhttp://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/ihw/aatsihpf08r-da/atsihpf08r-c01-23.pdf>

    Representational attributes

    Representation class:Help on this termRate
    Data type:Help on this termReal
    Unit of measure:Help on this termLife event (e.g. birth, death)
    Format:Help on this termN[NN].N

    Indicator conceptual framework

    Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

    Effectiveness

    Data source attributes

    Data sources:Help on this term
    Data SourceABS Death Registrations Collection
    Frequency
    Annual
    Data custodian

    Australian Bureau of Statistics



    Data SourceABS birth registration data
    Frequency
    Annual
    Data custodian

    Australian Bureau of Statistics



    Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
    Frequency
    Quarterly
    Quality statement
    ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
    Data custodian
    Australian Bureau of Statistics

    Data SourceABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
    Frequency
    Periodic
    Quality statement
    ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections, QS
    Data custodian
    Australian Bureau of Statistics

    Data SourceABS Census of Population and Housing Post-Enumeration Survey
    Frequency
    Every 5 years
    Data custodian
    Australian Bureau of Statistics

    Accountability attributes

    Reporting requirements:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement
    Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this termAustralian Bureau of Statistics
    Benchmark:Help on this term

    NPA on Closing the Gap in Indigenous Health Outcomes

    National Healthcare Agreement: PB b-Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2013 

    Halve the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children under 5 within a decade.

    Further data development / collection required:Help on this termSpecification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

    Relational attributes

    Related metadata references:Help on this term

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB a-Better health: close the life expectancy gap for Indigenous Australians within a generation, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PB b-Better health: halve the mortality gap for Indigenous children under five by 2018, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 01-Proportion of babies born of low birth weight, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06-Life expectancy, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

    Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

    See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

    Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 19-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2012 Health, Superseded 25/06/2013

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