National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2013

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Indicator
Indicator type:Progress measure
Short name:PI 08-Major causes of death, 2013
METeOR identifier:497524
Registration status:Health, Superseded 30/04/2014
Description:Age-standardised mortality rate by major cause of death, and rate ratios for Indigenous people and people living in remote or low socioeconomic areas.
Indicator set:National Healthcare Agreement (2013) Health, Superseded 30/04/2014
Outcome area:Social Inclusion and Indigenous Health Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Indigenous, Endorsed 11/09/2012
Quality statement:National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2013 QS Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

Collection and usage attributes

Computation description:

Each International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) chapter for underlying cause of death plus major causes of:

  • Circulatory diseases (I00-I99) 
  • Neoplasms (cancer) (C00-D48) 
  • External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01-Y98) 
  • Endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders (E00-E90) 
  • Respiratory diseases (J00-J99) 
  • Digestive diseases (K00-K93) 
  • Kidney diseases (N00-N29) 
  • Conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P96)
  • Infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99) 
  • Nervous system diseases (G00-G99) 
  • Other causes 
  • All causes

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.

Presented per 100,000 population. Rate ratio calculated for Indigenous:non-Indigenous.

Computation:

100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

Age-standardised rate:

 

ASR Formula

 

Where wi = the proportion of the standard population in age group i

di = the number of deaths in age group i

ni = the number of people in the population in age group i

Numerator:Number of deaths
Numerator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2nd edn) ANN-ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Denominator:Total population
Denominator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—estimated resident population of Australia
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based data plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—estimated resident population of Australia
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based data plus administrative by-product data
Disaggregation:

2007 (revised WA and national Indigenous deaths data), 2008 and 2009 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data, revised WA and national Indigenous deaths data), 2010 (updated for revisions to ABS cause of death data) and 2011 — State and territory (total deaths).

2007 (revised WA and national Indigenous deaths data), 2008, 2009 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data, revised WA and national Indigenous deaths data), and 2010 — State and territory, by ICD-10 chapter for underlying cause of death (and total).

2006-2010 — State and territory, by major cause of death (and total) by Indigenous status.

Some disaggregation may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—NSW, Qld, SA, WA and NT.

Disaggregation data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2009) NNNNN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Used for disaggregation by state/territory
Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2nd edn) ANN-ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Comments:

Most recent data available for 2013 Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Reform Council (CRC) report:

  • 2011 (total deaths)
  • 2010 (cause of death)
  • Aggregated data 2006-2010 (Indigenous status)

Cause of death data are final (2007, 2008), revised (2009) and preliminary (2010).

A system error affected the reporting of WA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 CRC reports. These data have been revised for 2013 reporting.

Indigenous and non-Indigenous analysis excludes records where Indigenous status was 'not stated'.

Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period.

Data by remoteness and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Further details (including data for 2002–06) are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (Indicator 1.22 and 1.23).

<http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/ihw/aatsihpf08r-da/atsihpf08r-c01-22.pdf>

<http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/ihw/aatsihpf08r-da/atsihpf08r-c01-23.pdf>

For further detailed analysis by Indigenous status, see the National Indigenous Reform Agreement (NIRA) report.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Rate
Data type:Real
Unit of measure:Person
Format:N[NN].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Deaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Quality statement
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections, QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:National Healthcare Agreement
Organisation responsible for providing data:Australian Bureau of Statistics
Further data development / collection required:Specification: Final, the measure meets the intention of the indicator.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06-Life expectancy, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2014 Health, Superseded 14/01/2015

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 59-Age-standardised mortality by major cause of death, 2012 Health, Superseded 25/06/2013

See also National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 02-Mortality rate (and excess deaths) by leading causes, 2011 Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012