Child—primary type of abuse or neglect, code N[N]

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Data Element
Short name:Primary type of abuse or neglect (child protection)
Synonymous names:Substantiated primary type of abuse
METeOR identifier:455487
Registration status:Children and Families, Standard 22/11/2016
Community Services (retired), Recorded 19/08/2011 [Non Dictionary]
Definition:

The most serious type of abuse or neglect that has caused, or is likely to cause, injury or harm to a child, as represented by a code.

Data Element Concept:Child—primary type of abuse or neglect

Value domain attributes

Representational attributes

Representation class:Code
Data type:Number
Format:N[N]
Maximum character length:2
Permissible values:
ValueMeaning
1Physical abuse
2Sexual abuse
3Emotional abuse
4Neglect
Supplementary values:
97Not applicable
99Not stated/inadequately described

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:

CODE 1   Physical abuse

Any non-accidental physical act inflicted upon a child by a person having the care of a child.

CODE 2   Sexual abuse

Any act by a person having the care of the child which exposes a child to, or involves a child in, sexual processes beyond his or her understanding or contrary to accepted community standards.

CODE 3   Emotional abuse

Any act by a person having the care of a child that results in the child suffering any kind of significant emotional deprivation or trauma.

CODE 4   Neglect

Any serious omissions or commissions by a person having the care of a child which, within the bounds of cultural tradition, constitute a failure to provide conditions which are essential for the healthy, physical and emotional development of a child.

Comments:

These categories may be used in different ways by different jurisdictions, depending on the state or territories' own definitions, policies and practices. In addition, a child subject to abuse and neglect may be subject to more than one type of abuse and neglect (for example, sexual abuse is often also associated with emotional abuse).

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Steward:Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Data element attributes

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:

This item refers to the most serious type of actions or inactions, as determined by the investigating officer, which have resulted in, or are likely to result in, significant harm or injury to a child.

Where more than one type of abuse or neglect or harm has occurred, this data element refers to the type most likely to be the most severe in the short term or most likely to place the child at risk in the short term, or if such an assessment is not possible, the most obvious form of abuse or neglect.

Collection methods:

Codes 1-4 or 99 'Not stated/ inadequately described' should only be used for records with a code 1 'Substantiated' for Child protection notification—investigation status, code N[N].

Comments:

National data do not distinguish between substantiations for actual harm and those for risk of future harm.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Steward:Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
Origin:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2013. Child protection national minimum data set, data collection manual 2012-13. Canberra: AIHW.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:

See also Child protection notification—investigation status, code N[N] Children and Families, Standard 22/11/2016, Community Services (retired), Recorded 19/08/2011

Supersedes Child—abuse and neglect type, code N Community Services (retired), Standard 01/03/2005

See also Child—other type of abuse or neglect, code N[N] Children and Families, Standard 22/11/2016, Community Services (retired), Recorded 19/08/2011

Implementation in Data Set Specifications:
All attributes +

Notifications, investigations, and substantiations (NIS) file cluster Children and Families, Superseded 22/11/2016
Community Services (retired), Recorded 09/10/2014

DSS specific attributes +

Notifications, investigations, and substantiations (NIS) file cluster Children and Families, Superseded 22/11/2016

DSS specific attributes +

Notifications, investigations, and substantiations (NIS) file cluster Children and Families, Superseded 22/11/2016

DSS specific attributes +

Notifications, investigations, and substantiations (NIS) file cluster Children and Families, Superseded 20/04/2018

DSS specific attributes +

Notifications, investigations, and substantiations (NIS) file cluster Children and Families, Standard 20/04/2018

DSS specific attributes +