Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Short name:||PI 02-Mortality rate (and excess deaths) by leading causes, 2011|
|Registration status:||Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012|
There are two measures for this indicator:
Measure (1a): Mortality rates for Australians by leading causes of death (ICD-10 chapter level), by Indigenous status
Measure (1b): Excess deaths for Indigenous Australians by the leading causes of death (ICD-10 chapter level).
|Rationale:||Achieving the Closing the Gap target of closing the life expectancy gap within a generation requires monitoring mortality rates for different diseases so that it is understood which diseases are major contributors to mortality among Indigenous Australians and where programs are succeeding and where they are not.|
|Indicator set:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement (2011) Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012|
|Outcome area:||Indigenous Australians achieve health outcomes comparable to the broader population Indigenous, Endorsed 21/07/2010|
Collection and usage attributes
There are two measures for this indicator:
Measure (1a): Mortality rates for Australians by the leading causes of death, by Indigenous status.
Measure (1b): Excess deaths for Indigenous Australians by the leading causes of death.
Crude rates are calculated for Indigenous Australians; age-standardised rates are calculated for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
Rate ratios and rate differences are calculated for Indigenous:non-Indigenous.
(1a): Per 100,000 persons; percentage; and causes listed from highest to lowest percentage.
(1b): Number; percentage; and causes listed from highest to lowest percentage.
Excess deaths: observed number of deaths less expected number of deaths if the age-specific rates of the non-Indigenous population were applied to the Indigenous population.
This measure refers to ‘leading causes of death’. Data are provided for ‘selected causes of death’ according to the ICD-10 codes used for ‘leading causes of death’ in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework:
(1a): Crude percentage: number of deaths by cause divided by all deaths.
Rate: 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator).
Excess deaths (1b): Observed number of Indigenous deaths less expected number of Indigenous deaths if the age specific rates of the non-Indigenous population were applied to the Indigenous population.
|Numerator:||Number of deaths|
|Numerator data elements:|
|Denominator:||Total population of all people|
|Denominator data elements:|
For Indigenous only (crude rates):
For Indigenous and non-Indigenous (age standardised rates):
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Most recent data available for 2011 CRC report is 2008. 2007 Backcast data is also provided due to revised causes of deaths data for 2007, and to provide national totals based on five jurisdictions only.
Aggregated data (2003-2007 and 2004-2008) will be reported for the current reporting period.
Single year data (2007, 2008) will be reported for time series (national for leading causes of death; national by sex for the top five causes of death (ICD-10 chapter level); state/territory for the top five causes of death (ICD-10 chapter level), including total deaths).
Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable.
At this stage, only data from selected state/territories are considered of acceptable quality for reporting mortality of Indigenous persons (NSW, Qld, WA, SA & NT).
National rates should include these five states and territories only.
Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period. Single year data will be used for reporting time series.
Rates are age standardised using the indirect method.
Baseline year for this indicator is 2006; target year is 2031.
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Deaths|
Data source attributes
|Reporting requirements:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement.|
|Organisation responsible for providing data:||Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).|
|Further data development / collection required:||Specification: Long-term.|
|Related metadata references:|
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 59-Age-standardised mortality by major cause of death, 2011 Health, Superseded 31/10/2011
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 59-Age-standardised mortality by major cause of death, 2012 Health, Superseded 25/06/2013
Supersedes National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P02-Mortality rate (and excess deaths) by leading causes, 2010 Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011
Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 02-Mortality rate (and excess deaths) by leading causes, 2012 Indigenous, Archived 13/06/2013