National Affordability Housing Agreement: 3: Proportion of Australians who are homeless, 2010

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Indicator
Indicator type:Indicator
Short name:Proportion of Australians who are homeless, 2010.
METeOR identifier:410009
Registration status:Homelessness, Standard 16/02/2011
Description:The proportion of Australians who are homeless (primary homeless + secondary homeless + tertiary homeless, as defined by Chamberlain and MacKenzie in Counting the Homeless 2006).
Indicator set:National Affordable Housing Agreement (2010) Homelessness, Standard 16/02/2011
Quality statement:National Affordable Housing Agreement: 3:Proportion of Australians who are homeless, 2010 QS Homelessness, Standard 16/02/2011

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age from:Total Australian population.
Population group age to:Total Australian population.
Computation description:Number of people who are homeless / Number of Australians.
Numerator:Number of people who are homeless.
Numerator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetData Source
ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Data Element / Data SetData Source
Counting the Homeless 2006 national and state and territory reports.
Data Element / Data SetData Source
AIHW Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) National Data Collection 2007-08
Data Element / Data SetData Source
National Census of Homeless School Students 2006
Data Element / Data Set
Denominator:Number of Australians.
Denominator data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2006) NNNNN
Data Source
ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Disaggregation data elements:
Data Element / Data SetPerson—date of birth, DDMMYYYY
Data Source
ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Data Element / Data SetPerson—sex, code N
Data Source
ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Australian state/territory identifier, code N
Data Source
ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2006) NNNNN
Data Source
ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Homelessness three tier classification and definition of homelessness as defined by Chamberlain and MacKenzie (primary homeless, secondary homeless, and tertiary homeless).
Data Source
Counting the Homeless 2006 national and state and territory reports.
Comments:

2006 Census data (not adjusted by undercount estimates).

No data is currently available for the numerator number of homeless Australia’s for 2007-2008 and 2008-2009.

The latest data that are available refer to year 2006-2007 (specifically with the reference date 8 August 2006_ and appear in the Chamberlain and MacKenzie national and state/territory Counting the Homeless 2006 reports. The estimates are based on data from the 2006 Census, 2006-2007 Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) and the 3rd National Census of Homeless School Students).


At the AIHW/ABS hosted Housing and Homelessness data Workshop (30 March 2009) jurisdictional representatives agreed that the definition of homelessness for COAG reporting purposes should be as used in the National  Partnership Agreement on Homelessness. It was also agreed that long term residents of caravan parks should be enumerated but are not within scope of the formal definition for homelessness.


In the National Partnership Agreement (NPA) on homelessness, homeless people are described in terms of three categories. The tree categories are consistent with those used in Counting the Homeless 2006 reports:

  • Primary homelessness means people without conventional accommodation, including people living on the streets and in other public places such as parks, squatting in buildings, or using vehicles for temporary shelter (the term rough sleeping, which also appears in the NPA, is taken to be synonymous with primary homelessness.)
  • Secondary homelessness means people staying in emergency or transitional accommodation and people residing temporarily with other households because they have no accommodation of their own. It also includes people staying in emergency or transitional accommodation provided by governments and non-government organisations and people residing in boarding houses for 12 weeks or less.
  • Tertiary homelessness means people living in boarding houses on a medium to long term basis for over 12 weeks.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Rate
Data type:Point in time
Unit of measure:Person

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Shelter and housing

Data source attributes

Data sources:
Data SourceABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Frequency
Every 5 years
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceCounting the Homeless 2006 national and state and territory reports.
Frequency
Variable

Data SourceAIHW Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) National Data Collection 2007-08
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Data SourceNational Census of Homeless School Students 2006
Frequency
Ad hoc

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:

Intergovernmental Agreement on Federal Financial Relations for the National Affordability Housing Agreement (NAHA), annual. 

Organisation responsible for providing data:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Accountability:

SCRGSP (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision) 2009,
National Agreement performance information 2008-09: National Affordable Housing
Agreement, Productivity Commission, Canberra.

The report was released by the COAG Reform Council in 2010.

Benchmark:

NPA on Homelessness Baseline: 104,676 Australian who are homeless in 2006.

Benchmark: By 2013 a decrease of 7% (less than 97,350 homeless people).

Further data development / collection required:The AIHW has been funded through the Commonwealth appropriation to develop a new national homelessness data collection which is to become operational on 1 July 2011. The new data collection will be client-based and collect data on clients receiving homelessness services as well as the nature and impact of the resulting services responses. The collection will also seek to improve and incorporate data from crisis and transitional accommodation services.
Before the new homelessness data collection is operational and ready to be used for COAG reporting, AIHW and ABS will, under the guidance of HHIMG and in collaboration with other experts, put in place a development plan to further improve the interim proxy measure for the next two CRC reporting rounds.
Suggestions have also been made on reviewing the methodology of the Counting the Homeless reports which will include a review of the three-tier homelessness categorisation and definition of homelessness. The review will be conducted under the guidance of HHIMG and in collaboration with FaHCSIA, AIHW, ABS and subject matter experts.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Steward:Housing and Homelessness Information Management Group