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Person with cancer—distant metastasis status, M stage (UICC TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours, 7th ed) code X[XX]

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termData Element
Short name:Help on this termCancer staging—M stage code
METeOR identifier:Help on this term403720
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 07/12/2011
Definition:Help on this termThe absence or presence of distant metastasis in a person with cancer, as represented by a code.
Data Element Concept:Person with cancer—distant metastasis status

Value domain attributes

Representational attributes

Classification scheme:International Union against Cancer (UICC) TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours 7th edition
Representation class:Help on this termCode
Data type:Help on this termString
Format:Help on this termX[XX]
Maximum character length:Help on this term3
Supplementary values:Help on this term
ValueMeaning
997Not applicable
998Unknown
999Not stated/inadequately described

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

Valid M codes from the current edition of the UICC TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours.

Refer to the TNM Supplement: A commentary on uniform use, 3rd Edition for coding rules.

Source and reference attributes

Reference documents:Help on this term

Wittekind C et al (Editors) 2003. International Union Against Cancer (UICC): TNM supplement: A commentary on uniform use, 3rd edition. Wiley-Blackwell.

Data element attributes

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

Record the absence or presence of distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis of the cancer.

TNM staging applies to solid tumours excluding brain tumours.

Choose the lower (less advanced) M category when there is any uncertainty.

The current edition of the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual provides an equivalent and alternative source of M stage codes.

Staging classification systems other than the TNM classification system are recorded separately. 

Collection methods:Help on this termThis information should be obtained from the patient's medical record.
Comments:Help on this termCancer stage is an important determinant of treatment and prognosis, and is used to evaluate new treatments and analyse outcomes. Survival analysis is adjusted by stage at diagnosis and distribution of cancer cases by type and stage.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this termCancer Australia
Origin:Help on this term

International Union Against Cancer (UICC)

Commission on Cancer, American College of Surgeons
Reference documents:Help on this term

Sobin LH, Gospodarowicz MK, Wittekind C (Editors) 2009. International Union Against Cancer (UICC): TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours, 7th edition. Wiley-Blackwell

American Joint Committee on Cancer 2010. AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, 7th edition. New York: Springer

American College of Surgeons 2002. Facility Oncology Registry Data Standards (FORDS), 2009 revision. Commission on Cancer

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also Cancer staging—staging basis of cancer, code A Health, Superseded 07/12/2011

See also Cancer staging—staging basis of cancer, code A Health, Standard 07/12/2011

Supersedes Person with cancer—distant metastasis status, M stage (UICC TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours, 6th edn) code XX Health, Superseded 07/12/2011

See also Person with cancer—extent of primary cancer, TNM stage (UICC TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours, 7th ed) code X[XX] Health, Superseded 16/01/2020

See also Person with cancer—primary tumour status, T stage (UICC TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours, 7th ed) code X[XXX] Health, Standard 07/12/2011

See also Person with cancer—regional lymph node metastasis status, N stage (UICC TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours, 7th ed) code X[XX] Health, Standard 07/12/2011

Implementation in Data Set Specifications:Help on this term

Breast cancer (cancer registries) NBPDS Health, Standard 01/09/2012

Cancer (clinical) DSS Health, Superseded 08/05/2014

Cancer (clinical) DSS Health, Superseded 14/05/2015

Cancer (clinical) NBPDS Health, Standard 14/05/2015

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