Person—reason for seeking assistance, homelessness code N[N]
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Data Element|
|Short name:||Reason for seeking assistance (homelessness)|
|Synonymous names:||Presenting reason|
|Registration status:||Housing assistance, Superseded 01/05/2013|
Homelessness, Superseded 01/05/2013
|Definition:||The reason(s) why a person presented to a specialist homelessness agency in order to seek assistance, as represented by a code.|
|Data Element Concept:||Person—reason for seeking assistance|
Value domain attributes
|Maximum character length:||2|
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
CODE 1 Financial difficulties
Financial difficulties is selected if the person sought assistance because the person had insufficient money to pay for accommodation, food, bills or other essentials; if the person has adequate financial resources but has difficulties managing these resources; or if the person doesn't have the financial resources to meet rental commitments.
CODE 2 Housing affordability stress
Housing affordability stress is selected if the person sought assistance as a result of the current rent on the leased property being too high, or they are having difficulty meeting mortgage repayments, creating stress with general living expenses.
CODE 3 Housing crises
Housing crises is selected if the person was formally evicted from her/his previous accommodation arrangement (for example, by a landlord or public housing official) or if the person was asked to leave their previous accommodation (for example, if the person was asked to leave by flatmates).
CODE 4 Inadequate or inappropriate dwelling conditions
Inadequate or inappropriate dwelling conditions is selected if the person sought assistance as a result of household stress from overcrowded, unsuitable or unsafe dwelling conditions.
CODE 5 Previous accommodation ended
Previous accommodation ended is selected if the person’s previous accommodation was no longer available (for example the breakup of a group home or rental property being sold by owner).
CODE 6 Time out from family/other situation
Time out from family/other situation is selected if the person needed some time away from her/his family or if the person needed some time away from non-related individuals.
CODE 7 Relationship/family breakdown
Relationship/family breakdown is selected if the person sought assistance because of the dissolution of a spouse/partner relationship or other family relationship.
CODE 8 Sexual abuse
Sexual abuse is selected if the person sought assistance as a result of sexual abuse inflicted on the client by a family member or non-related individual.
CODE 9 Domestic and family violence
Domestic/family violence is selected if the person sought assistance as a result of physical or emotional abuse inflicted on the person by a family member.
CODE 10 Non-family violence
Non-family violence is selected if the person sought assistance as a result of physical or emotional abuse inflicted on the client by a non-related individual; or if the person was homeless or sought assistance as a result of violence or a threat of violence inflicted by a non-related individual.
CODE 11 Mental health issues
Mental health issues is selected if the person sought assistance because of their mental health. This does not include a situation in which the person sought assistance as a result of another person’s mental health issues.
CODE 12 Medical issues
Medical issues is selected if the person sought assistance because of any conditions that are, or have been treated or diagnosed by a health professional.
CODE 13 Problematic drug or substance abuse
Problematic drug or substance use is selected if the person sought assistance as a result of his/her drug related problem. This does not include a situation in which the person sought assistance as a result of drug abuse by another person.
CODE 14 Problematic alcohol use
Problematic alcohol use is selected if the person sought assistance as a result of his/her alcohol related problem. This does not include a situation in which the person sought assistance as a result of alcohol use by another person.
CODE 15 Employment difficulties
Employment difficulties is selected where the person is experiencing difficulties or changes to their employment, that negatively impacts on their ability to work or on their life outside work. This includes cases where employment difficulties are creating current or future financial problems. Examples include difficulty maintaining employment; recently losing employment, or a change in employment conditions, such as reduction in pay/hours etc; bullying or harassment; unsafe employment conditions, (i.e. health safety risks), or unfair or illegal workplace practices/conditions (i.e. excessive workload, inflexible hours).
CODE 16 Unemployment
Unemployment is selected where the person sought assistance because of difficulties obtaining or maintaining employment and is currently unemployed.
CODE 17 Problematic gambling
Problematic gambling is selected if the person was homeless or sought assistance because they had insufficient means to cover the cost of living as a consequence of a one-off instance or an ongoing gambling problem.
CODE 18 Transition from custodial arrangements
Transition from custodial arrangements is selected if the person was recently released from a custodial institution such as a prison or detention centre.
CODE 19 Transition from foster care and child safety residential placements
Child safety placements include a range of services provided to children and young people under 18 years of age who are in need of care and protection. This service provides alternative overnight accommodation for children and young people who are unable to live with their parents. These arrangements include foster care, placements with relatives or kin, and residential care.
CODE 20 Transition from other care arrangements
Transition from other care arrangements is selected if the person was recently released from a care institution such as a hospital or disability care arrangement.
CODE 21 Discrimination including racial discrimination
Discrimination including racial discrimination is selected if the person was homeless or sought assistance because of discrimination based on their sex, age, race, religion or other personal attributes.
CODE 22 Itinerant
Itinerant is selected if the person was moving from place to place or had no fixed address.
CODE 23 Unable to return home due to environmental reasons
Unable to return home due to environmental reasons is selected if the person is unable to return home due to environmental reasons; (e.g. wet season flooding).
CODE 24 Disengagement with school or other education and training
Disengagement with school or other education and training is selected where the person sought assistance for their difficulty with engaging within their education or training, creating difficulties for the person to establish connection with community and develop skills that will help them for future employment.
CODE 25 Lack of family and/or community support
The person has no family or community support structure which has led them to seek agency support.
CODE 26 Other
Other is selected if the person sought assistance because s/he recently arrived in the area (from another town or another country) and had nowhere to stay; if the person’s previous accommodation was no longer available (for example, the death of a family member); if the person sought assistance as a result of his/her sexuality or sexual identification, or if the person is seeking assistance for a reason not listed above. The reason should be specified.
Data element attributes
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
This data element is intended to focus on the reason(s) the person presented to the agency as opposed to the underlying reasons or causes that may have built up over a lifetime.
There may be more than one reason why a person seeks assistance. This data element may be used to collect the main presenting reason or all presenting reasons.
If this data element is used to collect both , the main reason should be collected second, that is after 'all' reasons have been ascertained.
If a person does not nominate a list category record their response as 'Other' and record the description.
The permissible values for this data element are used to form the response categories to the question(s):
'Which reason(s) listed, best describes why you are seeking assistance?'
'Of the reasons you have identified as why you are seeking assistance, which one, do you consider, to be the main reason?'
Source and reference attributes
|Submitting organisation:||Australian Institute of Health and Welfare|
|Related metadata references:|
Supersedes Person—reason for seeking assistance, SAAP code N[NN] Community Services (retired), Superseded 23/08/2010
Has been superseded by Person—reason for seeking assistance, homelessness code N[N] Homelessness, Standard 24/11/2016
|Implementation in Data Set Specifications:|
All attributes +
Specialist Homelessness Services NMDS 2011 Housing assistance, Superseded 01/05/2013
Specialist Homelessness Services NMDS 2012-13 Housing assistance, Superseded 01/05/2013
Specialist Homelessness Services NMDS 2013-14 Housing assistance, Superseded 26/08/2014
Specialist Homelessness Services NMDS 2014-15 Housing assistance, Superseded 24/11/2016
Specialist Homelessness Services NMDS 2015-17 Homelessness, Superseded 24/11/2016